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Chantelle Doerksen

Policy Specialist

United States of America

Biography

Chantelle joined ICANN org in July 2017, but has been working with ICANN since in 2015. Her projects include policy communications, governance/reviews, and supporting the work of the Business, Intellectual Property, and Internet Service Providers Constituencies (Commercial Stakeholder Group). Chantelle's professional background is in public policy, engagement, and community relations. She is a return US Peace Corps Volunteer and as a graduate student, interned with UNDP in the Pacific. She received her Master's in International Studies and Conflict Resolution from the University of Queensland (Australia) as a Rotary International Peace Fellow. Her BA is from the University of California Davis (USA). Outside of ICANN, she is active in her Rotary Club and in various international service projects. Chantelle is both an American and a Canadian national.

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."