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Cyrus Namazi

Senior Vice President, Global Domains Division

Forum Profile

Biography

Cyrus Namazi was appointed to Senior Vice President of ICANN's Global Domains Division in February 2019. Prior to that, he held the position of Vice President, Domain Name Services & Industry Engagement. Before joining ICANN, he was Principal and co-founder of Claro Concepts, providing consulting services and guidance on bringing products from concept, to design, through manufacturing and to market. With over 20 years of experience in business development, general management, operations and engineering, Namazi has served in a number of executive and management roles in the technology sector.

Namazi held previously executive and leadership positions at Conexant Systems, Inc., Solarflare Communications, Infineon Technologies, Broadcom Corporation, and Advanced Micro Devices (AMD). He also led the creation of the Home Phoneline Networking Alliance (HomePNA), in which he served as President and Chairperson for two years.

He holds a Bachelor of Science degree in electrical engineering from the University of Missouri-Rolla and an MBA from the University of Southern California, both with honors.

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."