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Gary Petzer

VP, Relationship & Delivery Management

United States of America

Biography

Gary Petzer serves as VP, Engineering - Stakeholder Community Solutions Delivery for ICANN, a non-profit organization tasked with ensuring the stable and secure operation of the Internet's unique identifier systems. His responsibilities include supporting all services used by ICANN's contracted parties and the Internet community, as well as the organization's external-facing departments. He also serves as deputy to the Senior Vice President of Engineering and Chief Information Officer.

Petzer has a wealth of information technology and engineering experience with companies in the high-tech, industrial and fast-moving consumer goods sectors. Over the course of his career, he has established a proven track record in building and leading teams tasked with delivering complex solutions, built on leading platforms and operating systems, to support company growth and profitability and improve efficiency.

Prior to joining ICANN in June 2014, Petzer held various senior management positions at Conexant, Mindspeed, TowerJazz, and Unilever South Africa. Earlier in his career, he also worked as a programmer and analyst in the software and computer industries.

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."