Skip to main content
Profile image for Sawsan Aldawodi

Sawsan Aldawodi

Senior Language Expert - Head Interpreter

United States of America


Sawsan performs as a Language Expert and Head Arabic interpreters during all ICANN meetings and any meeting where her skills may be needed or requested. She is also responsible for translation, the review/validation of translated ICANN materials. Having participated in ICANN global meetings and assisted in translation services since 2012, Sawsan should be right at home in her new role. Sawsan graduated from the University of Baghdad with a Bachelor’s in Chemical Engineering and she used to be a Bilingual (Arabic/English) with all Arabic Dialects recognizes four major dialect groups and qualified to fulfill the specialized Conferences and Meetings interpreting, with former experience as a teacher, administrator and manager in public and educational sectors in Iraq and Egypt. Professional experience includes Training, Management and Development, with special interest in Media, Human Rights, Civic Education, Crises, Relief and Peace Keeping Missions in Post Conflict Countries.

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."