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Eleeza Agopian

United States of America

Strategic Planning and Initiatives Sr. Manager

Civil SocietyDNS MarketplaceDeveloping WorldGovernmentTechnology

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Brian Aitchison

United States of America

Lead Researcher, GDD, Operations and Policy Research

Civil SocietyDNS MarketplaceDeveloping WorldGovernmentTechnology

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Sawsan Aldawodi

United States of America

Language Expert - Head Interpreter

Civil SocietyDeveloping WorldGovernmentTechnology

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Charlotte Anongos

United States of America

Salesforce Developer

Civil SocietyDeveloping WorldTechnology

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Yaovi Atohoun

Stakeholder Engagement & Ops Mngr - Africa

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Maryam Bakoshi

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

SO/AC Collaboration Services Sr. Coordinator

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Fahd Batayneh

Jordan

Stakeholder Engagement Sr. Manager - Middle East

DNS MarketplaceDeveloping WorldTechnology

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Joshua Baulch

United States of America

Sr. Manager, Meeting Planning Operations

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Laura Bengford

United States of America

Director, Product Management for Community Services

Developing WorldTechnology

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Susanna Bennett

SVP & Chief Operating Officer

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Anthony Bruneio

United States of America

End User Support

Technology

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Gwen Carlson

United States of America

Senior Director, GDD Communications

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Joseph Catapano

United States of America

Stakeholder Engagement Manager, North America

Civil SocietyDNS MarketplaceDeveloping WorldGovernmentTechnology

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Dennis Chang

United States of America

GDD Services & Engagement Program Director

Civil SocietyDNS MarketplaceDeveloping WorldGovernmentTechnology

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Joyce Chen

Singapore

Sr. Manager, Global Stakeholder Engagement Strategy & Development

Civil SocietyDNS MarketplaceDeveloping WorldGovernmentTechnology

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Mukesh Chulani

Turkey

gTLD Accounts Senior Manager

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David Closson

United States of America

Director, Data Center & Cloud Operations

DNS MarketplaceDeveloping WorldTechnology

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James Cole

United States of America

Sr. Global Communications Coordinator

Civil SocietyDNS MarketplaceDeveloping WorldGovernmentTechnology

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David Conrad

United States of America

SVP & Chief Technology Officer

Developing WorldGovernmentTechnology

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Steve Conte

United States of America

Office of the CTO Programs Director

Civil SocietyDNS MarketplaceDeveloping WorldGovernmentTechnology

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John Crain

Chief Security, Stability & Resiliency Office

Developing WorldTechnology

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Albert Daniels

Saint Lucia

Stakeholder Engagement Sr Manager -The Caribbean

Civil SocietyDNS MarketplaceDeveloping WorldGovernmentTechnology

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Alexandra Dans

Uruguay

Latin America and the Caribbean Communications Senior Manager

Developing WorldTechnology

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Chantelle Doerksen

United States of America

SO/AC Collaboration Services Sr. Coordinator

Civil SocietyDeveloping WorldGovernmentTechnology

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Alain Durand

France

Principal Technologist

Technology

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Dean Edwards

United States of America

Sr. Product Manager

DNS MarketplaceTechnology

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Teresa Elias

United States of America

Office of the General Counsel Sr. Manager

Developing WorldGovernmentTechnology

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Jeannie Ellers

United States of America

Senior Manager, Measurement and Planning - Global Stakeholder Engagement

Civil SocietyDNS MarketplaceDeveloping WorldGovernmentTechnology

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Mauricio Vergara Ereche

United States of America

Lead DNS Engineer

Civil SocietyTechnology

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Jared Erwin

United States of America

Manager, GDD Global Implementation

Civil SocietyDNS MarketplaceDeveloping WorldGovernmentTechnology

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Baher Esmat

VP, Stakeholder Engagement - Middle East

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Negar Farzinnia

United States of America

Director, MSSI Technical Reviews & Review Implementation

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Daniel Fink

Brazil

Stakeholder Engagement, Sr Manager - Brazil

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Chris Gift

United States of America

VP, Product Management

DNS MarketplaceDeveloping WorldTechnology

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Yvette Guigneaux

United States of America

Projects & Operations Assistant, MSSI

Civil SocietyDeveloping WorldGovernmentTechnology

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Karla Hakansson

United States of America

gTLD Accounts & Services Director

DNS MarketplaceDeveloping WorldTechnology

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Daniel E. Halloran

ICANN Chief Data Protection Officer and Deputy General Counsel

Civil SocietyDNS MarketplaceDeveloping WorldGovernmentTechnology

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Nigel Hickson

Switzerland

VP, IGO Engagement

GovernmentTechnology

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Marilia Hirano

United States of America

Manager, IANA Continuous Improvement

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Robert Hoggarth

United States of America

Vice President, Policy Development & GAC Relations

DNS MarketplaceDeveloping WorldGovernmentTechnology

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."