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Eleeza Agopian

United States of America

Senior Director, Strategic Initiatives

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Brian Aitchison

United States of America

Research Manager

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Yazid Akanho


Technical Engagement Specialist

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Adiel Akplogan


VP Technical Engagement

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Sawsan Aldawodi

United States of America

Senior Language Expert - Head Interpreter

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Steve Allison

United States of America

Senior Product Manager

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Charlotte Anongos

United States of America

Software Engineer 2 - Salesforce

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Nicolas Antoniello


Regional Technical Engagement Manager

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Yaovi Atohoun

Stakeholder Engagement and Operations Director - Africa

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Maryam Bakoshi

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

SO/AC Collaboration Services Senior Coordinator, CSG/NCSG

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Fahd Batayneh


Stakeholder Engagement Sr. Manager - Middle East

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Josh Baulch

United States of America

Director, Meeting Planning Operations

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Andrea Beccalli


Stakeholder Engagement Director - Europe

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Laura Bengford

United States of America

Director, Product Management for Community Services

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Anthony Bruneio

United States of America

End User Support

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Lead Security, Stability, and Resiliency Specialist

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Gwen Carlson

United States of America

Senior Director, GDD Communications

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Joseph Catapano

United States of America

Stakeholder Engagement Manager - North America

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Dennis Chang

United States of America

GDD Services Program Director

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Ankur Chugh

United States of America

Senior Financial Analyst III

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Mukesh Chulani


gTLD Accounts Senior Manager

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David Closson

United States of America

Senior Director, Cloud/DC and MTS Operations

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James Cole

United States of America

Sr. Global Communications Coordinator

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David Conrad

United States of America

SVP and Chief Technology Officer (CTO)

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Steve Conte

United States of America

Director, IROS Operations

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John Crain

Chief Security, Stability, and Resiliency Officer

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Albert Daniels

Saint Lucia

Stakeholder Engagement Senior Manager - Caribbean

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Alex Dans


Latin America and Caribbean Communications Senior Manager

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Chantelle Doerksen

United States of America

Policy Specialist

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Alain Durand


Principal Technologist

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Dean Edwards

United States of America

Senior Product Manager

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Mohamed Elbashir

United States of America

Universal Acceptance Program Manager

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Teresa Andrea Elias

United States of America

Director, Governance Operations Support

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Jeannie Ellers

United States of America

Senior Manager, Measurement and Planning - Global Stakeholder Engagement

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Evin Ashley Erdoğdu

United States of America

Policy Analyst

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Mauricio Vergara Ereche

United States of America

Lead DNS Engineer

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Jared Erwin

United States of America

Senior Manager, Policy Research and Stakeholder Programs

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Baher Esmat

VP, Stakeholder Engagement - Middle East and Managing Director Middle East and Africa

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Negar Farzinnia

United States of America

Director Implementation Operations

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Daniel Fink


Stakeholder Engagement Director - Brazil

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Camia Frank

United States of America

Operations Specialist II

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Chris Gift

United States of America

VP, Product Management

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Yvette Guigneaux

United States of America

Review Support and Accountability Coordinator

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Anna Guseva

United States of America

Project Operations Senior Manager

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Karla Hakansson

United States of America

gTLD Accounts & Services Director

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Daniel E. Halloran

ICANN Chief Data Protection Officer and Deputy General Counsel

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Andee Hill

United States of America

Director, gTLD Accounts

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Marilia Hirano

United States of America

Manager, IANA Continuous Improvement

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."