Skip to main content

Explore profiles

Profile image for Eleeza Agopian

Eleeza Agopian

United States

Strategic Planning and Initiatives Sr. Manager

Civil SocietyDNS MarketplaceDeveloping WorldGovernmentTechnology

Profile image for Brian Aitchison

Brian Aitchison

United States

Lead Researcher, GDD, Operations and Policy Research

Civil SocietyDNS MarketplaceDeveloping WorldGovernmentTechnology

Profile image for Sawsan Aldawodi

Sawsan Aldawodi

United States

Language Expert - Head Interpreter

Civil SocietyDeveloping WorldGovernmentTechnology

Profile image for Yaovi Atohoun

Yaovi Atohoun

Stakeholder Engagement & Ops Mngr - Africa

Profile image for Fahd Batayneh

Fahd Batayneh

Jordan

Stakeholder Engagement Manager - Middle East

DNS MarketplaceDeveloping WorldTechnology

Profile image for Joshua Baulch

Joshua Baulch

United States

Sr. Manager, Meeting Planning Operations

Profile image for Laura Bengford

Laura Bengford

United States

Director, Product Managment for Community Services

Developing WorldTechnology

Profile image for Susanna Bennett

Susanna Bennett

SVP & Chief Operating Officer

Profile image for Duncan Burns

Duncan Burns

United States

SVP, Global Communications & Managing Director - Washington D.C. Office

Civil SocietyDNS MarketplaceDeveloping WorldGovernmentTechnology

Profile image for Gwen Carlson

Gwen Carlson

United States

Senior Director, GDD Communications

Profile image for Joseph Catapano

Joseph Catapano

United States

Stakeholder Engagement Manager, North America

Civil SocietyDNS MarketplaceDeveloping WorldGovernmentTechnology

Profile image for Dennis Chang

Dennis Chang

United States

GDD Services & Engagement Program Director

Civil SocietyDNS MarketplaceDeveloping WorldGovernmentTechnology

Profile image for David Closson

David Closson

United States

Director, Data Center & Cloud Operations

DNS MarketplaceDeveloping WorldTechnology

Profile image for David Conrad

David Conrad

United States

SVP & Chief Technology Officer

Developing WorldGovernmentTechnology

Profile image for John Crain

John Crain

Chief Security, Stability & Resiliency Office

Developing WorldTechnology

Profile image for Albert Daniels

Albert Daniels

Saint Lucia

Stakeholder Engagement Sr Manager -The Caribbean

Civil SocietyDNS MarketplaceDeveloping WorldGovernmentTechnology

Profile image for Alexandra Dans

Alexandra Dans

Uruguay

Latin America and the Caribbean Communications Senior Manager

Developing WorldTechnology

Profile image for Alain Durand

Alain Durand

United States

Principal Technologist

Technology

Profile image for Dean Edwards

Dean Edwards

United States

Sr. Product Manager

DNS MarketplaceTechnology

Profile image for Teresa Elias

Teresa Elias

United States

Office of the General Counsel Sr. Manager

Developing WorldGovernmentTechnology

Profile image for Jeannie Ellers

Jeannie Ellers

United States

Stakeholder Engagement Measurement & Planning Sr. Manager

Civil SocietyDNS MarketplaceDeveloping WorldGovernmentTechnology

Profile image for Baher Esmat

Baher Esmat

VP, Stakeholder Engagement - Middle East

Profile image for Negar Farzinnia

Negar Farzinnia

United States

Director, MSSI Technical Reviews & Review Implementation

Profile image for Sigmund Fidyke

Sigmund Fidyke

United States

Sr. Director, Enterprise Architecture & Release Services

Profile image for Daniel Fink

Daniel Fink

Brazil

Stakeholder Engagement, Sr Manager - Brazil

Profile image for Yvette Guigneaux

Yvette Guigneaux

United States

Projects & Operations Assistant, MSSI

Civil SocietyDeveloping WorldGovernmentTechnology

Profile image for Daniel E. Halloran

Daniel E. Halloran

ICANN Chief Data Protection Officer and Deputy General Counsel

Civil SocietyDNS MarketplaceDeveloping WorldGovernmentTechnology

Profile image for Nigel Hickson

Nigel Hickson

Switzerland

VP, IGO Engagement

GovernmentTechnology

Profile image for Andee Hill

Andee Hill

United States

Registrar Services & Engagement Programs Director

Civil SocietyDNS MarketplaceDeveloping WorldGovernmentTechnology

Profile image for Marilia Hirano

Marilia Hirano

United States

Manager, IANA Continuous Improvement

Profile image for Lars Hoffmann

Lars Hoffmann

United States

Director, MSSI Organizational Effectiveness Reviews

Civil SocietyDNS MarketplaceDeveloping WorldGovernmentTechnology

Profile image for John Jeffrey

John Jeffrey

General Counsel & Secretary

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."