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Announcements

ICANN 组织回应欧洲数据保护理事会就其《关于数据控制者和数据处理者概念的指导方针》开展的公共协商

布鲁塞尔——2020 年 10 月 19 日——互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, ICANN) 今日宣布,对于欧洲数据保护理事会 (EDPB) 围绕其关于 GDPR 中数据控制者及数据处理者概念的第 07/2020 号指导方针开展的公共协商,ICANN 已做出回应。EDPB...

拉马努·比欧 (Ramanou Biaou) 荣膺 2020 年塔瑞克·卡梅尔博士能力建设奖

洛杉矶——2020 年 10 月 19 日——互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, ICANN) 非常荣幸地宣布,2020 年塔瑞克·卡梅尔博士能力建设奖的首位获奖者是拉马努·比欧。 比欧因致力于在他的祖国贝宁乃至非洲开展地方和区域能力建设项目而赢得 ICANN 董事会的认可。他从事的工作旨在提升非洲妇女的技术能力,并鼓励她们努力参与涉及互联网和域名系统 (DNS)...

ICANN 公布 2020 财年财务业绩

洛杉矶—2020 年 10 月 15 日—今日,互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, ICANN) 公布了截至 2020 年 6 月 30 日的财政年度第四季度的财务业绩,反映了 ICANN 整个财政年度未经审计的财务状况。虽然 COVID-19 疫情对经济产生了巨大影响,但 ICANN 仍然保持着稳健的财务状况。 尽管遭遇疫情打击,但域名市场在 2020 财政年度(2020...

关于审核转移政策的政策制定流程的初步问题报告

开放日期: 2020 年 10 月 12 日 截止日期: 2020 年 11 月 30 日 发起组织: 通用名称支持组织 (GNSO) 类别/标签: 政策制定 顶级域 简介: ...

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(English Subtitles) 2020 Dr. Tarek Kamel Award for Capacity Building

ICANN's Alexandra Dans interviews the first recipient of the 2020 Dr. Tarek Kamel Award for Capacity Building, Ramanou Biaou.

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(French) 2020 Dr. Tarek Kamel Award for Capacity Building

ICANN's Alexandra Dans interviews the first recipient of the 2020 Dr. Tarek Kamel Award for Capacity Building, Ramanou Biaou.

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ICANN President & CEO Göran Marby Welcomes Participants To The ICANN68 Virtual Policy Forum.

ICANN President & CEO Göran Marby welcomes participants to the ICANN68 Virtual Policy Forum, ICANN's second virtual meeting.

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ICANN Board Chair Maarten Botterman Welcomes Participants To ICANN68

Maarten Botterman, ICANN Board Chair, welcomes participants to the ICANN68 Virtual Policy Forum.

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Blog Posts

提高 ICANN 多利益相关方模型实施阶段的工作成效

促进公开会议期间的相互尊重

ICANN 第 69 届会议:注册与会议日程访问

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."