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Announcements

IANA 域名职能合同修订案,附件 A

评议开放日期: 2019 年 1 月 7 日 截止日期: 2019 年 2 月 18 日 发起组织: 全球域名分部 类别/标签: IANA 域名职能合同,ICANN/PTI 合同 简介: 本轮公共评议期旨在针对 ICANN 和公共技术标识符 (PTI) 签署的《IANA 域名职能合同拟定修订案》征询社群的意见。这份修订案一旦通过将允许客户常任委员会...

SSAC2 审核:最终报告现已发布

洛杉矶——2019 年 1 月 7 日——安诺析思国际咨询公司 (Analysis Group) 作为安全与稳定咨询委员会 (Security and Stability Advisory Committee) 第二轮审核 (SSAC2) 的独立审核人,现已发布了其最终报告。 请阅读本报告 [PDF, 1.45 MB]。 这份最终报告囊括了针对 SSAC 的一份评估意见,提出了 22 个结论和 30 条运营改进建议。这份报告的结论和建议主要可以归入以下几个主题领域:...

ICANN《2021-2025 财年战略规划》

评议开放日期: 2018 年 12 月 20 日 截止日期: 2019 年 2 月 11 日 发起组织: ICANN 组织——多利益相关方战略和战略计划 (MSSI) 类别/标签: 战略规划 简介: 目的:本轮公共评议期旨在针对 ICANN 发布的《2021-2025 财年五年战略规划》草案征询社群意见。 当前状态:根据社群、董事会和...

ICANN 问责制和透明度第 3 轮审核 (ATRT3) 小组成员名单出炉

洛杉矶——2018 年 12 月 20 日——互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (ICANN) 宣布现已选出 18 名成员执行第 3 轮问责制和透明度审核 (ATRT3)。 ATRT3 的成员由 ICANN 支持组织 (SO) 和咨询委员会 (AC) 的主席们从各 SO 和 AC 的提名人选中负责选取。此外,ICANN 董事会在 ICANN63 巴塞罗那会议期间还任命了马腾·波特曼 (Maarten Botterman) 担任 ATRT3 的一名成员。本轮审核是《ICANN 章程》第...

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SSAC Chair Rod Rasmussen on IDN Homographic Attacks

In an interview with ICANN’s Andrew McConachie, Security and Stability Advisory Committee (SSAC) Chair Rod Rasmussen discusses the use of Internationalized Domain Name (IDN) homographic attacks....

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Interview with the NomCom

ICANN’s James Cole sits down with members of the 2019 Nominating Committee (NomCom) - Damon Ashcroft, Zahid Jamil, and Cheryl Miller - to talk about the role of the NomCom, the Board positions that...

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EPDP Update

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Blog Posts

2019 届提名委员会的工作重点与议程

全球利益相关方合作部启动"能力培养"调查

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国际化域名和普遍适用性:在中国的巡回宣传

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."