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مدونة حول الصداقة!

مدونة حول الصداقة

مختصرات ومصطلحات ICANN

مختصرات ومصطلحات ICANN

معرفة المزيد حول ICANN

معرفة المزيد حول ICANN

ما هو المجتمع المُمكن؟

ما هو المجتمع المُمكن؟

Announcements

مسودة الخطة التشغيلية والموازنة لهيئة PTI و IANA للسنة المالية FY21

تاريخ الابتداء: 14 تشرين الأول (أكتوبر) 2019 تاريخ الانتهاء: 27 تشرين الثاني (نوفمبر) 2019 المنظمة المنفذة: الشؤون المالية الفئات/الإشارات: العمليات/ الشؤون المالية المساءلة /...

تغييرات مقترحة وإضافات جديدة الى اتفاقيات IANA SLA لإنشاء نطاقات ccTLD ونقل إدارتها

تاريخ الابتداء: 14 تشرين الأول (أكتوبر) 2019 تاريخ الانتهاء: 25 تشرين الثاني (نوفمبر) 2019 المنظمة المنفذة: ICANN الفئات/الإشارات: عقد وظائف التسمية لهيئة IANA، عقد ICANN وPTI،...

التقرير النهائي لفريق مراجعة خدمة دليل التسجيل (RDS/WHOIS2)

تاريخ الابتداء: 8 تشرين الأول (أكتوبر) 2019 تاريخ الانتهاء: 25 تشرين الثاني (نوفمبر) 2019 المنظمة المنفذة: منظمة ICANN- استراتيجية أصحاب المصلحة المتعددين والمبادرات الاستراتيجية...

إصدار توصيات حول الاستخدام التقني لقواعد إنشاء العلامات لمنطقة الجذر

لوس أنجلوس - 7 تشرين الأول (أكتوبر) - أعلنت مؤسسة الإنترنت للأسماء والأرقام المخصصة اليوم عن إصدار توصيات حول الاستخدام التقني لقواعد إنشاء العلامات لمنطقة الجذر من قبل مجموعة الدراسة المعنية بقواعد إنشاء العلامات لمنطقة الجذر (RZ-LGR SG). وتم...

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Multimedia

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ICANN’s Multistakeholder Advice Development Process | English

A new animated video illustrates ICANN’s multistakeholder advice development. The video identifies the key steps within each of the four Advisory Committees and provides a high-level explanation of...

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Celebrating Five Years of NextGen@ICANN!

Meet 6 of the impressive young people from around the world who took part in NextGen@ICANN program as we celebrate the fifth anniversary of the program.

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Celebrating Five Years Of NextGen@ICANN!

Meet 6 of the impressive young people from around the world who took part in NextGen@ICANN program as we celebrate the fifth anniversary of the program.

Artworks 000557855151 k42hye t500x500

Janis Karklins Talks EPDP Team Phase 2

Janis Karklins, Chair of EPDP Team Phase 2, discusses priorities for Phase 2 of the Expedited Policy Development Process on the Temporary Specification for gTLD Registration Data.

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Blog Posts

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."