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Announcement Concerning "Electronic Domain Name Monitoring"

The US Federal Trade Commission today announced that it has obtained a court order stopping a domain name registration scheme known as "Electronic Domain Name Monitoring" or "Corporate Domain Name Monitoring."

The "EDNM" scheme involved sending unsolicited faxes to domain name registrants that stated "URGENT NOTICE OF IDENTICAL DOMAIN NAME APPLICATION BY A THIRD PARTY." The faxes appeared to be official notices from the "National Domain Name Registry" warning that a third party had "applied" for a domain name nearly identical to the victim's domain. Targets of the solicitation were told that they were "required" to submit an opposition to the third party domain registration or else the "licensing rights" to the domain name would be assigned to "any applicant," and CDNM/NDNR would not be "liable" for loss of "domain name license" or "interruption of business activity." The FTC characterized these assertions as "not only false, but also nonsensical."

The FTC obtained an order from the United States District Court, Northern District of Georgia, stopping the deceptive practices and blocking access to websites used in the deceptive operation, including,,,,,, and

The companies named as defendants in the FTC's suit include 1268957 Ontario, Inc., and 1371772 Ontario Inc., doing business as National Domain Name Registry, Electronic Domain Name Monitoring, and Corporate Domain Name Monitoring. None of these companies are ICANN-accredited registrars.

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."