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ICANN Posts Materials for Yokohama Meeting

ICANN has posted materials for public comment in connection with the July 13-17 meeting in Yokohama, Japan. These materials can be accessed through <>.

Topics covered in the posting include:

1. New Top Level Domains

  • Background
  • Suggested Principles for the Introduction of New TLDs
  • Suggested Schedule for the Introduction of New TLDs
  • Suggested Data Elements to be Sought from Organizations Applying to Sponsor or Operate New TLDs
  • Call for Statements of Interest in Proposing a New TLD

2. At Large Membership and Elections

3. Country Code Top Level Domain Registry (ccTLD) Delegation and Administration Policies (No posting at this date)

4. Definition of Geographic Regions

5. Revision to ICANN Bylaws on Meeting Minutes

In addition, the ICANN Election Committee has posted a Call for Proposals for an Online Voting System and a Basic Technical and Functional Specification. These postings can be accessed at <>.


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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."