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Open Call for Independent Review Panel Closes

Marina del Rey, California, USA (1 August 2001) From 26 June-26 July 2001, the ICANN Independent Review Panel Nominating Committee conducted an open call for nominations for the Independent Review Panel. That panel will provide a mechanism for independent third-party review of whether actions of the ICANN Board comply with the ICANN bylaws and articles of incorporation.

The open-call period ended last week, and today the Nominating Committee posted a list of the 31 names that were submitted. If you believe a nomination was submitted to the IRP Nominating Committee during the open call period but the name of the candidate does not appear on this list, please send your inquiries to <> before 6 August 2001.

The Nominating Committee is seeking to provide its nominations for the IRP to the ICANN Board no later than 20 August 2001

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."