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  • ICANN Lisbon Meeting airport to city taxi transportation update

    Having just arrived in Lisbon, I’d like to share some useful information for all ICANN meeting participants. When you land at the airport, you may be asked by the taxi drivers that you need to pay up to Euro 20 for transport to the hotel. In reality, the price should be...
  • Interview with ICANN president and CEO Paul Twomey

    In an effort to provide interested observers with some up-to-date information on what is happening with ICANN, the organisation’s general manager of public participation interviewed ICANN’s president and CEO Paul Twomey. The interview, running at just over 10 minutes, is...
  • Public meeting on RegisterFly

    ICANN will be holding a public meeting specifically on RegisterFly as part of its opening open forum in Lisbon on Monday 26 March. President and CEO Paul Twomey will give his president’s report at 10.30am GMT/UTC in which he will briefly cover what should be discussed in...
  • Updated Contractual Compliance Program

    ICANN’s updated Contractual Compliance program (http://www.icann.org/compliance/), which includes ICANN’s Contractual Compliance philosophy, vision and operating plan, has been published to provide clear, transparent information regarding contractual compliance. ICANN...
  • RegisterFly transfer-out statistics

    ICANN received the following transfer statistics from RegisterFly overnight. We post these following our request last week for this daily information. Date No. domains transferred March 12 1,177 March 13 1,200 March 14 1,143 March 15 1,235 March 16 1,343 March 17 1,897...
  • Internet Epidemiology

    In 1854 London Dr. John Snow, by mapping incidence of cholera, was able to make the connection to that city’s water system. The recent New York Times Article “Research Tracks Down a Plague of Fake Web Pages” considers research by Microsoft and the University of...
  • Termination of RegisterFly Registrar Accreditation Agreement

    ICANN today issued a formal notice of termination of RegisterFly.com’s Registration Accreditation Agreement (RAA). ICANN has issued a letter to RegisterFly indicating that it will cease operating as an ICANN-Accredited Registrar on March 31, 2007. Under the terms of the...
  • Topics of Interest Beyond RegisterFly

    With nine days until the start of meetings in Lisbon, Portugal, some other topics of interest include: President’s Strategy Committee public session on Monday 19 March ICANN Nominating Committee seeking Statements of Interest Public comment period on PDP Feb 06 Report on...
  • Our policy on blog comments

    With a recent expansion in the number of comments the ICANN blog has been receiving, there have been a number of queries and complaints about individual comments not appearing. As such we felt it would be helpful to state ICANN’s policy on blog comments so the community...
  • RegisterFly update: March 13, 2007

    This shows the number of domains transferred away from RegisterFly.com for the dates of March 9, 10, 11, 2007. The numbers were: Date No. domains transferred March 9 1,114 March 10 707 March 11 345 ICANN has not received numbers for March 12. This demonstrates that...
  • RegisterFly update: March 12, 2007

    After discussions today with RegisterFly it seems clear that RegisterFly now has no technical impedements to do what’s necessary to service its eNom customers, including obtain auth-codes. ICANN would be grateful for information about whether eNom customers are receiving...
  • RegisterFly update: March 10, 2007

    ICANN spoke yesterday with Kevin Medina and Mark Klein of RegisterFly. ICANN asked for greater clarity from RegisterFly about auth-info codes and draw attention to this link to the registerfly.com auth-info codes retrieval process. RegisterFly indicated that auth-info...
  • RegisterFly update: March 9, 2007

    The United States District Court in New Jersey yesterday awarded Kevin Medina control of RegisterFly.com Inc. The decision resolves a dispute over ownership of the company. The resolution of this issue does not alter RegisterFly obligations to immediately cure the...
  • International Women’s Day

    Today, March 8, is International Women’s Day. A quick run through (by no means thorough) came up with the following number of women on various ICANN groups: Board: 4 of 15 or 27% Interim ALAC: 5 of 14 or 36% Nominating Committee: 3 of 22 or 14% GNSO: 5 of 22 or 23% ASO: 0...
  • Factsheet: DNS attack

    Today ICANN posted the first [pdf] in what we hope will be a series of factsheets that will help explain various elements of ICANN’s mission as well as wider, technical aspects of the Internet. The aim and intention is very clear: many of the issues that affect the...
  • RegisterFly Site Back Up

    A quick update – RegisterFly’s website is back up and Glenn Stansbury of RegisterFly claims that transactions are being processed. If you wish to unlock names and get auth codes go to www.registerfly.com In addition, RegisterFly claims to have more people working on the...
  • Reminder on 2007 Nom Com Positions

    This is a reminder that the 2007 ICANN Nominating Committee is inviting Statements of Interest on three open positions for the ICANN Board of Directors, two members of the GNSO Council, one member of the ccNSO and three members of the At-Large Advisory Committee....
  • RegisterFly update: March 5, 2007

    This is a further update for those affected by RegisterFly. The first occurred Friday on our main website. If you are a RegisterFly customer you will know from the extremely poor customer service you are getting, that RegisterFly is experiencing internal problems...
  • Welcome to the Internet .TEL

    Yesterday .TEL was added to the root zone, becoming the 15th gTLD under contract with ICANN on the Internet. Congratulations to Telnic on this achievement.
  • The ICANN Ninja

    Was excited to see this article on the BBC: “The Next US leader? Ask a Ninja” over my morning coffee and it’s not just because I think ninjas are the coolest. There are a number of groups around the world who are experimenting with the impact of the Internet on how people...
  • Who is ICANN and where does it fit with Internet governance?

    You’d be surprised how many people are asking that question at the moment, but you won’t be surprised to know that the only thing they agree on is that they either don’t know, or that they disagree with the people that believe they do. I am not going to attempt to provide...
  • Lessons from Guyana: It takes a network to run a network.

    It was interesting to see discussions start on the blog around “What does it take to run a registry”. Jacob Malthouse (Liaison for Canada and the Caribbean) and I (John Crain, CTO) have just returned from Georgetown, Guyana. With us in Georgetown, locked into a classroom...
  • Wherefore art thou Orbitofrontal Cortex?

    There’s a great piece in the New York Times today that’s had me thinking about the importance of ICANN meetings, face to face interaction, and civility within the ICANN mailing lists. The basic gist of the piece is that when we are interacting in an online environment we...
  • A new guy blogs

    I am a new Board member, and this is my first blog entry, ever. As a new guy on the block (or maybe a recycled one, since I had been retired for four years before joining the Board), I just want to let you all know that the Board is much more active and deals with many...
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."