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  • RALO formation update

    The NARALO has agreed its MoU, and this will be signed on Thursday. The RALO has voted for its two ALAC members, and they are Beau Brendler from the USA (1 year term) and Robert Guerra from Canada (2 year term). They will take up their positions at the end of the MoU...
  • RegisterFly update: 24 June 2007

    The last update on the RegisterFly situation covered the deal struck between RegisterFly and GoDaddy that saw all the registrar’s domains transferred over to GoDaddy. That deal has seen the vast majority of domain issues sorted out. However, as far as ICANN is concerned,...
  • ICANN Fellows, Welcome

    ICANN commenced a fellowships program trial for its 29th meeting taking place in San Juan on June 25-20, 2007. 34 fellows are participating in the San Juan meeting. I was sitting in a ccTLD workshop yesterday organized for the Caribbean ccTLDs, and I was rally impressed...
  • Protection of Registrants Workshop – input welcomed

    A Protection of Registrants’ Workshop will be held tomorrow, Monday 25 June 2007, at ICANN’s meeting in Puerto Rico at 1pm (EST) that will cover changes in the registrar market, a significant part of which will be suggested alterations to the Registrar Accreditation...
  • Welcome to San Juan

    ICANN is hosting its 29th International Public Meeting in San Juan, Puerto Rico. While the official start of the meeting is Monday, meetings are currently underway on a number of topics. Check the San Juan meeting website at http://sanjuan2007.icann.org/ to follow...
  • IPv6, the iPod and the Earth

    We’ve been looking for an analogy for two days to explain the size of the IPv6 pool compared to IPv4, but IPv6 space is so huge none of the comparisons are immediately comprehensible. See below for Jacob’s light years attempt. However Kim Davies reckons he has come upon...
  • How far could you go on IPv6?

    If there are: 340,282,366,920,938,463,463,374,607,431,768,211,456 IPv6 addresses and a light year is 9,460,730,472,580.8 km and 1 IPv6 address = 1 km how far could you travel on IPv6 addresses? Could we get to Proxima Centauri? It’s about 4.22 light-years away. How about...
  • Accountability and transparency – the way forward

    In March, ICANN released a report by the One World Trust (OWT) into ICANN that came up with 39 recommendations to further improve standards of accountability and transparency within the organisation. That report is also being used as input into the development of...
  • Stats on May’s deleted blog comments

    In the interests of openness, we have compiled statistics for the posts we have deleted from the blog last month, May 2007, broken down according to person and type of comment. We have only listed those who had three or more comments deleted. There was one person with two...
  • We want your comments on the Registry Failure Report

    ICANN has posted a detailed report titled Building Towards a Comprehensive Registry Failover Plan. This ICANN’s first study of registry failure, and represents a significant document with information for existing registries, future registries, registrars and registrants....
  • ICANN invited to participate at the Russian Economic Forum

    ICANN has been invited to participate in the XIth St. Petersburg International Economic Forum. Both myself (Veni Markovski) and CEO and President Paul Twomey will be attending. Paul will speak at the Round Table entitled: “Knowledge based economy” where the moderator is...
  • RegisterFly Update 25 May 2007

    This morning, United States District Court Judge Manuel L. Real issued a Permanent Injunction against RegisterFly. The Court held Registerfly and Kevin Medina personally to be in contempt of the Court’s earlier Preliminary Injunction Order. So the Court has has ordered...
  • RegisterFly Update 22 May, 2007

    ICANN has been advised of a deal to transfer all names in RegisterFly’s management from RegisterFly to an existing accredited Registrar with a demonstrated record of customer service. This would be a quick and effective solution to many of the problems that registrants...
  • Update from the AtLarge Advisory Committee

    Hi this is a quick update on some of what has been going on in At Large in the last month. It includes: A requested issues report on domain tasting New working groups Translation of mailing lists ALAC requests Issues Report on Domain Tasting At-Large has now become the...
  • RegisterFly update: 16 May

    A deal has been reached by which all of RegisterFly’s domains – including those registered under the ProtectFly proxy system – will be made accessible to their respective registrants shortly. Full details will follow later today, contingent on the system being in place to...
  • RegisterFly update: 11 May

    ICANN’s motion for civil contempt against RegisterFly has been granted by the court. That means that ICANN is able, with the assistance of a law enforcement official, to enter RegisterFly’s premises and seize all its customers’ registration data, as well as gain access to...
  • Vint Cerf: Do you care about the Internet?

    Earlier this week, we released an interview with Vint Cerf in which he discussed ICANN, what it did, the fact he was stepping down as chairman this year, how the Internet has changed in the past ten years and who he hoped would join ICANN to continue the work of the...
  • RegisterFly update: 8 May

    This is an update on the ongoing situation with registrar RegisterFly. On Wednesday 2 May 2007, ICANN asked for RegisterFly to be found in contempt for failing to comply with the preliminary injunction issued on 26 April 2007. If approved at a court hearing this week, the...
  • Vint Cerf says: ICANN needs YOU!

    Vint Cerf, Internet founder, has spoken candidly about the future of ICANN as his chairmanship draws to a close, asking for people with a “passion for the Internet” to apply. ICANN’s Nominating Committee is still accepting applications for key roles within the...
  • Welcome to the Internet .ASIA

    The first gTLD located in Asia has been added to the root zone. .ASIA was added to the root overnight, becoming the 16 gTLD under contract with ICANN to be delegated. On 6 December 2006, ICANN and DotAsia signed the .ASIA registry agreement during the ICANN Annual...
  • Mapping the Internet, one node at a time

    In the foyer of the ICANN head office, we have hung on the walls a number of interesting maps of the Internet. There are various takes on displaying the Internet on charts and in diagrams. They range from the mind-bogglingly complex to the almost comically simple: Then...
  • New Russian Law Deals with WHOIS data

    There’s a new law on data protection in Russia, and under its provisions, information for web site owners should not be accessible online. The .ru WHOIS database has almost three years to fulfill the law requirements (until January 1, 2010), but Ru-Center, (largest...
  • Stats on April’s deleted blog comments

    In the interests of openness, we have compiled statistics for the posts we have deleted from the blog last month, April 2007, broken down according to person and type of comment. We have only listed those who had three or more comments deleted. There were three people...
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."