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Countdown to icann58 copenhagen 1255x632 01mar17 en
  • Six Weeks in Contractual Compliance and Consumer Safeguards

    At the start of 2017, I took over for Allen Grogan as the head of ICANN's Contractual Compliance and Consumer Safeguards department. As part of my on-the-job training, I spend a lot of my time on community outreach, which is critical to success in this role. This week, I...
  • The Problem with "The Seven Keys"

    From time to time, articles are published about "the seven people who control the keys to the Internet.” These articles, while probably well-intentioned, are completely incorrect. Let’s be absolutely clear: there are no keys that cause the Internet to function (or not to...
  • ICANN Expands Engagement in the Caribbean in 2016

    Bridgetown, Barbados In 2016, ICANN’s Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) team promoted the domain name system (DNS) industry across the Caribbean region. Planning started for the DNS Study in the Caribbean. We presented on the DNS industry at many local, national and...
  • Chairman’s Blog

    Over the next few months I will be using this blog to share some insights and commentary on the operation of the ICANN Board and to introduce various Board members. This past week the Board passed a resolution to evolve the Board Governance Committee to be more responsive...
  • Am I Being Respectful and Constructive?

    Anybody who has volunteered to coach an amateur or school team knows what it is like to have the crowd scream insults or profanity at them. The attack comes across without fail as a personal attack; one of bullying and intimidation of the volunteer coach. The fact the...
  • Travel to and from the United States

    Late last week, the United States Government issued an Executive Order addressing immigration and visa status for some countries and people entering or planning to enter the country. This situation has affected one Board member’s participation in the Board Workshop taking...
  • ICANN Extends Engagement in Brazil in 2016

    Expanding Our Outreach Brazil is a vast country, where engagement means traveling long distances. In 2016 we crossed the country from north to south to engage with an impressive collection of current and potential stakeholders. Our Global Stakeholder Engagement team: Met...
  • 2016 LAC Strategy Highlights

    The LAC strategy made good progress in 2016. We presented a study [PDF, 3.7 MB] that helped to identify the strengths and weaknesses of the domain name system (DNS) industry in our region, we officially launched the Latin American DNS Observatory, we held four editions...
  • Remote Hub Relaunches for ICANN58 with Updated Guidelines

    In 2015–2016, ICANN's Development and Public Responsibility Department began oversight of remote hub operations for ICANN's Public Meetings. The past two meetings, ICANN56 and ICANN57, did not offer the remote hub option due to the unique nature of our first Policy Forum...
  • 2017: Introducing the New ICANN Korea Team

    Minjung Park (left) and Billy Cheon (right), the new seconded staff from the Korea Internet & Security Agency (KISA) to ICANN. Our Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with the Korea Internet & Security Agency (KISA) established the ICANN Seoul Office, including...
  • 2017: 새로운 ICANN 한국 팀 소개

    한국인터넷진흥원(KISA)과의 MOU(양해 각서)를 통해 KISA 직원의 ICANN 임시 파견을 포함하여 ICANN 서울 사무소가 설립되었습니다. 한국 지사장으로 황인표 님의 뒤를 이어 빌리 천(Billy Cheon) 님이 취임하고 글로벌 이해관계자 참여 한국 책임자로 송강수 님의 뒤를 이어 박민정 님이 취임함을 알려드립니다. 특히 KISA와 ICANN 간 더 나은 공조가 이루어질 수 있도록 그동안 ICANN을 위해 힘써주신 황인표 님과 송강수 님에게 감사드립니다. 지난해 8월에는...
  • Implementation Update

    As you are aware, last year the Cross-Community Working Group on Enhancing ICANN Accountability's Work Stream 1 Report recommended that the key parts of the Affirmation of Commitments be brought into the ICANN Bylaws, and that the Affirmation itself be terminated. As of 1...
  • 2016 LAC Communications Highlights

    ICANN's Latin American and the Caribbean (LAC) team is constantly working to increase regional participation by providing new opportunities to engage with ICANN. The following is a recap of our 2016 communications efforts that not only includes strengthening ICANN's...
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."