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  • Response and summary to the Cairo public forum

    This is a Response and Summary to the Cairo public forum that took place on 6 November 2008. A PDF version of this document is available at: http://www.icann.org/en/participate/cairo-public-forum-response.pdf Note from the Chairman: One of the most significant features of...
  • New gTLD video with Kurt Pritz

    During the recent meeting in Cairo, ICANN together with Domaine.info produced a number of videos covering the main sessions and topics, with each video fronted by a member of either the staff or a chair of the relevant supporting organization or advisory committee. You...
  • Why the DNS is broken, in plain language

    At ICANN’s meeting in Egypt last week, I had the opportunity to try and explain to various non-technical audiences why the Domain Name System (DNS) is vulnerable to attack, and why that is important, without needing a computer science degree to understand it. Here is the...
  • Compliance with IDN technical requirements

    One of the main IDN related topics from the just-finished ICANN meeting in Cairo that I think deserves some additional attention was: Why Compliance with IDN technical requirements are a necessity on a global scale Overall compliance with technical standards are important...
  • New level of interaction at SSAC meeting tomorrow

    Update: The meeting has finished and you can see an archive of the whole thing at this link: http://icann.na3.acrobat.com/p88047362/. We’re always trying to improve the quality of remote participation at ICANN meetings and tomorrow in Cairo will see a first trial of the...
  • Embed ICANN meeting chatrooms on your site

    Over the past four meetings, we have experimented with different approaches to chatrooms as a way of providing remote participants with an opportunity to interact in real time with a meeting. There have been pluses and minuses to each approach. With some, slow responses...
  • What’s happening with Whois compliance activities?

    Whois has been a complex issue within ICANN, and continues to receive attention at the policy level. While this important policy work goes on, ICANN still has the clear responsibility to enforce existing Whois provisions in the Registrar Accreditation Agreement (RAA), and...
  • Here’s how we enter the .future

    So, after years of policy and development work, yesterday ICANN released a draft version of the Applicant Guidebook for those interested in applying for a new “generic top-level domain”. Or, as Associated Press put it “preliminary guidelines for the introduction of...
  • Remembering Jon: Looking Beyond the Decade

    A decade has passed since Jon Postel left our midst. It seems timely to look back beyond that decade and to look forward beyond a decade hence. It seems ironic that a man who took special joy in natural surroundings, who hiked the Muir Trail and spent precious time in the...
  • Which region is taking the lead in IPv6 deployment?

    IPv6 is in the news because the mainstream media have started to pick up the fact that IPv4 will be fully allocated in the next two or three years. And IPv6 deployment is important if we want to keep the Internet growing sustainably. So where is IPv6 deployment most...
  • Abkhazia, Kosovo, South Ossetia, Transnistria… My oh my.

    Every year there are new world events that see possible border changes and a restructure to the way the world’s countries and territories are configured. Think back to 50 years ago, and the world’s map was very different. There are literally a hundred countries that exist...
  • Asia-Pacific Registry/Registrar Regional Gathering Concluded

    On 10-11 September 2008, ICANN hosted its third Asia/Pacific regional gathering in Seoul, Korea. The regional gathering approach to broadening participation in the ICANN process for gTLD registries and ICANN-accredited registrars was first introduced in February 2005 in...
  • Look at the front page! It’s… slightly different

    This is a screengrab of the ICANN front page. You’ll notice that it’s slightly different. The changes are explained briefly below, but we’d like to take this opportunity to ask people to think about the future of the website – it’s overall look and it’s overall...
  • Nominating Committee selections announced

    The selections of the 2008 Nominating Committee have just been announced. They include: • Two new Board members • Two members of the ALAC • One member of the ccNSO Council • One member of the GNSO Council In total, 78 individuals applied (13 female and 65 male). The...
  • We need a translation expert – do you know one?

    ICANN is becoming a more multilingual organization and in doing so has spent a year, with some expert help and plenty of useful feedback from the community, developing and implementing a translation programme. We have now reached the stage where we need someone with...
  • IIC consultation at APNIC in New Zealand – TODAY!

    As part of the Improving Institutional Confidence in ICANN consultation, we are holding a series of regional consultative meetings where the documents created by the President’s Strategy Committee (PSC) are outlined and attendees are given the opportunity to ask questions...
  • Used but Unallocated

    In February I commented about how we have been doing some research into the use of unallocated address space on the Internet. I hoped that I could give a report on the results sooner than this but the work has now been done and the results have been made public. Duane...
  • July magazine out

    The July edition of the ICANN magazine is out, emailed to subscribers and available for review online. Each issue covers the latest news and events, plus outlines how you can interact with the organization. This month, alongside the usual policy rundown, compliance...
  • Paris Briefing Note – overall summary of the meeting

    As with previous meetings, we have prepared a “briefing note” for Paris to act as a broad summary of what happened over the five days. It has been published on the Paris meeting site and we republish it below. What was it? ICANN’s 32nd international public meeting was one...
  • Circular dependencies, DNS and impediments to IPv6 adoption

    It is sometimes said that ISPs do not offer IPv6 transport and equipment vendors offer just partial IPv6 support because there is no customer demand. The counter argument is often made that consumers can only buy what is on offer so people prefer to buy production quality...
  • Let’s talk together

    The short video above was created to showcase the possibilities that now exist to communicate across languages using video and the latest transcription/translation technology. It is open to all so that they might be able to translate the message in your language through...
  • Main IDN User Question

    One of the main IDN questions asked by end-users in the last few months, and that have been discussed during the ICANN Paris meeting in the recent week is as follows: “If I have registered <domainname>.tld, then how will you ensure that I am also the registrant of...
  • Bienvenue a Paris

    The Paris meeting beings next week, and we are extremely grateful to receive this video from the boys at Domaine.info – acting as an ad for the conference. Domaine.info will also be filming the meeting and preparing edited highlights of the biggest sessions of each day.
  • What is Afghanistan?

    Tonight on American television quiz show Jeopardy, a piece of IANA-esoterica was the “Final Jeopardy” question of the night: More information on this event is in the UNDP’s press release of the event, as well as of course the IANA delegation report.
  • IDN wiki – adding Urdu and Thai

    As you may know by now ICANN has launched an IDN wiki, with fully localized addresses, which is managed by a GREAT wiki team (consultants to ICANN) and a GREAT group of moderators that have volunteered to assist is supporting the various languages that the wiki currently...

Recent Announcements

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."