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  • IDN TLD Update

    Following yesterday’s big news [http://icann.org/en/announcements/announcement-05may10-en.htm] with the introduction of the first IDN ccTLDs we thought it was a good time to provide an update to where the Fast Track Process is. IDN ccTLDs in the DNS root zone: Egypt: مصر...
  • First IDN ccTLDs now available

    Today the first three production non-Latin top-level domains were placed in the DNS root zone. This means they are live! Here is one newly enabled domain with a functional website that works right now: وزارة-الأتصالات.مصر What you should be seeing is something like the...
  • IDN ccTLD Delegations approved by the ICANN Board

    This is a very brief blog post with quite the big content. Last week was a special week at ICANN, with several IDN milestones meet. Many were included in the 22 April 2010 ICANN Board meeting. The ICANN Board approved the first IDN ccTLD delegation requests for four...
  • A change, and some reflections…

    Dear ICANN Community, At the end of July, I will be leaving my post as ICANN’s Chief Operating Officer. While my engagement in the work of ICANN has made this a difficult decision, the reasons I am leaving are simple. I accepted my role with ICANN in December 2006 with...
  • New gTLD Consultation: PDDRP and Agreement Amendment Processes

    On 13 April 2010, ICANN convened an open consultation on the Trademark Post-Delegation Dispute Resolution and Registry Agreement Amendment Processes in the new gTLD program. This consultation was organized in response to a request from the Registry Stakeholder Group...
  • An ending … and a new beginning!

    As some of you may have heard I am leaving ICANN next month. An opportunity came my way which will take me “back to my roots” in international intellectual property policy, and as great a job as Senior Director for Participation and Engagement is (and it is a great job!),...
  • Looking backwards and forwards at Whois

    What’s wrong with Whois? Perhaps nothing. Perhaps a lot. We lack the data to answer with certainty. The Whois service has drawn a lot of thought and debate from the ICANN community for ten years. In fact, the global look-up service has been the subject of so many points...
  • Update about Synchronized IDN ccTLDs

    This blog post is primarily intended to update the many people in the technical community and ccTLD community about activities related to Synchronized IDN ccTLDs. As you may know, one of the ICANN Board resolutions from the recent ICANN meeting in Nairobi directed staff...
  • Podcast Catches On as Community Refines It

    Just about a month ago, I blogged about the launch of ICANN Start, the audio podcast that helps newcomers to our community start understanding key issues. As of this week, ICANN Start episodes have been downloaded one thousand times! All of us involved with producing the...
  • Remote Participation Technologies Enable a Policy Win for Nairobi

    During the run-up to ICANN’s Nairobi meeting, some corners of the community raised concerns. Many community members could not make it to Nairobi for a variety of reasons, and some interest groups, such as the Registries, were going to be under-represented as physical...
  • IPv4 squatting: awareness raising and research

    As has been noted again in recent days, some ISPs, vendors and end users have been using previously unallocated IPv4 blocks to address their own networks and devices. When these address blocks become officially allocated or assigned, the prior use can lead to routing...
  • Российский форум по управлению Интернетом | 1st Russian IGF: May 13-14, 2010

    Первый Российский форум по управлению Интернетом, организованный Координационным центром национального домена сети Интернет при поддержке Министерства связи и массовых коммуникаций РФ состоится 13-14 мая 2010 г. в Экспоцентре на Красной Пресне. Цель проведения Российского...
  • Vertical Integration Options Report Available to Community

    The paper entitled “Registry-Registrar Separation: Vertical Integration Options” [PDF, 44K] was produced for review by the ICANN Board during its 4 February 2010 Board Meeting (as was discussed in the preliminary report of that meeting at...
  • Clearing the Confusion (Fast Track)

    Since the launch of the Fast Track Process, ICANN has received many questions about how the DNS Stability Panel will determine a confusingly similar string; that is, a requested string that is confusing similar with an existing ccTLD, gTLD or applied-for TLDs. The overall...
  • Notes from ICANN CEO’s Visit to China

    I travelled with Rod Beckstrom to Beijing on 2-3 March for talks with the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Industry leaders and CNNIC, the China Internet information Network. Apart from a brief visit to Europe at end 2009 this was Rod’s first major...
  • Community to Face Possible Headaches at KICC

    By Nick Tomasso 5 March 2010 Late Wednesday, my meetings team here in Nairobi was hit with some unexpected and troubling news by the Kenyatta International Conference Centre (KICC), the venue for the ICANN meeting. Unfortunately, it is news that could severely impact our...
  • New podcast helps you join the conversation

    Imagine footmen playing a royal brass fanfare as we announce: ICANN now produces its first audio podcast series for you! When you join the ICANN community, you quickly discover that folks here have considered and debated certain issues for years. You want to participate,...
  • How to catch up on every major policy issue before Nairobi

    Whether you intend to participate in the upcoming Nairobi meeting in person or remotely, you’re not alone if you feel under-prepared. The ICANN community has a huge number of important issues working their way through the policy development process (PDP), and it’s tough...
  • Community Support for IDN ccTLDs

    One area of the IDN ccTLD Fast Track Process about which questions have arisen is community support for the IDN ccTLD and how such support can be demonstrated. I have provided some clarification here that I hope is helpful to present and future IDN ccTLD Fast Track...
  • CEO Comments on Strategic Plan

    ICANN Strategic Plan July 2010 – June 2013 [PDF, 947 KB] The ICANN meeting in Seoul was my first meeting as CEO, and coincided with the kickoff of the ICANN Strategic planning process, an essential basis for ICANN’s operational and budget planning process. Based on my...
  • Landmark Step in ICANN’s Use of Accountability Mechanisms

    On Friday (19 February), we received the Declaration of the Panel from the first ICANN Independent Review Process (IRP), which is posted here: http://www.icann.org/en/irp/icm-v-icann.htm. This is a landmark step in ICANN’s use of the accountability mechanisms built into...
  • Cost Accounting and Procurement Guidelines Posted

    ICANN’s commitment to accountability and transparency is an ongoing full time quest. The recent posting of two financial guidelines are markers of the progress we have made in this quest. One is the Cost Accounting Guidelines and the other is the Procurement Guidelines....
  • Remote Participation for Nairobi: Details Available

    As some of you will have already noticed, remote participation details are in the process of being posted on the ICANN Nairobi site. Work on the remote participation for Nairobi began for me on the first day of December when I took up the post of Senior Director for...
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."