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  • Co-Chairs Statement from CCWG-Accountability Meeting in Abu Dhabi

    On 27 October 2017, the Cross Community Working Group on Enhancing ICANN Accountability (CCWG-Accountability) held a face-to-face meeting in Abu Dhabi, UAE, to further discussions on Work Stream 2. 52 members and participants attended in-person, and many others joined the...
  • Top 10 Things You Didn’t Know About the UAE

    Nearly all of the water consumed in the UAE is desalinated sea water. Water is scarce – the UAE has no permanent rivers and very little fresh groundwater. Researchers are exploring alternative technologies, including the use of renewable energy. At the same time,...
  • Welcome to ICANN60!

    Welcome to ICANN60 – our Annual General Meeting. This is our first ICANN meeting in the Gulf Cooperation Council, and it will undoubtedly be a very busy one. It is my first time in Abu Dhabi and I am glad to be here. So much of our work is done over email, over the phone...
  • A Conversation with Ali AlMeshal

    Ali Almeshal has a background in IT, finance, and business. He has been involved in ICANN through the At-Large Advisory Committee (ALAC). ICANN60 is his 12th ICANN Public Meeting. He started his ICANN journey as a Fellow – at ICANN44 in Prague, ICANN45 in Toronto, and...
  • Chairman’s Blog: A Look at the Abu Dhabi Workshop

    As I mentioned in my last blogs on Montevideo, at the beginning of each ICANN meeting, the ICANN Board meets in a workshop format. During these workshops, the Board and ICANN’s executive team come together for in-depth consideration on a range of important and timely...
  • Welcome to ICANN60!

    Baher Esmat, ICANN’s VP, Stakeholder Engagement in the Middle East, welcomes you to Abu Dhabi, a city known for advancement of technology as much as for its architecture. In this video, he talks about some of the topics of the over 300 sessions scheduled at the ICANN60...
  • Update on the Root KSK Roll Project

    This post is the first in an ongoing series of updates on the status of the root KSK roll project. We intend to keep the community updated on our efforts to proceed with the rollover. On 27 September 2017, the ICANN org announced we were postponing the root zone KSK roll....
  • The History Project's New Track: ICANN's Earliest Days

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    Imagine taking a job at a startup… where you aren't paid for the first six months, and then on top of that, you have to help carry the financial burden of the organization on your own credit cards. That was precisely the situation that ICANN's first CEO found himself in...
  • DNSSEC Root Key Operations and the Infineon Smartcard Bug

    Thanks to the ever-vigilant eyes of one of our Trusted Community Representatives (TCRs), Olaf Kolkman, the recently discovered Infineon smartcard vulnerability1 was brought to the attention of the root key-signing key (KSK) operations team at ICANN. This bug, known as the...
  • Eastern Europe Cybersecurity Tour, Redux

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    From 9-15 October, I spent a busy week of Global Stakeholder Engagement (GSE) cybersecurity engagements in Budapest and Visegrád, Hungary and Minsk, Belarus. Gabriella Schittek and I met in Budapest with representatives of the Hírközlési Tudományos Egyesület (HTE), the...
  • About the Board

    As I prepare to leave the Board, I want to share a handful of thoughts and actions related to its operation, structure, and future challenges. Cherine Chalaby, our current Vice Chairman, has also written a blog on the Board's activities and priorities in the coming year....
  • About the FY18 Board Activities & Priorities

    As we head to attend ICANN60 in Abu Dhabi, I would like, on behalf of my colleagues, to share with you the ICANN Board's activities and priorities for FY18. Our current Chairman, Steve Crocker, has written a blog about recent changes to the Board's operations and...
  • Don't Miss These Reviews Sessions at ICANN60

    There are a number of important ICANN review-related sessions scheduled during ICANN60. Read the session highlights below and be sure to mark your calendar for those that interest you. Click the links to learn more about each session, including how to join remotely....
  • Data Protection and Privacy Update

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    There has been a lot of activity since our last update on 11 September. Here's a brief recap on where we are and a look-ahead at upcoming activities. On 4 October we held a webinar to discuss data protection/privacy activities related to the European Union's General Data...
  • The Global Domains Division at ICANN60 in Abu Dhabi: What to Expect

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    We are eagerly anticipating joining the Internet community for ICANN60 in Abu Dhabi, which is being held from 28 October to 3 November 2017. World-renowned for its cuisine, arts scene, and architecture, Abu Dhabi is a breath-taking juxtaposition of history and modernity,...
  • Enhancing Transparency in Contractual Compliance Reporting

    In Jamie Hedlund’s blog, Six weeks in Contractual Compliance and Consumer Safeguards, he briefed the community on three department initiatives (facilitate community-wide consumer safeguard discussion; boost DNS abuse mitigation efforts; and enhance transparency around...
  • The Digital Economy: The New Oil of the Middle East

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    In 2016, following community recommendations, ICANN commissioned the Domain Name System (DNS) market study in the Middle East region. The study found that domain names do not exist in a vacuum – rather they are part of an Internet ecosystem and cannot thrive without basic...
  • Customer Standing Committee Charter Review

    Just over a year ago, the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) of the U.S. Government's Department of Commerce transferred the NTIA's stewardship of the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) functions to the global Internet community. The...
  • Do You Have a Domain Name? Here's What You Need to Know.

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    Part II: Transferring Your Domain Name As a registered name holder of a domain name you have certain rights, including the right to transfer your domain name to another registrar or registrant. There are a couple of important rules you need to know if you want to transfer...
  • Accountability Indicators Feedback - 25 August to 30 September 2017

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    A report summarizing the feedback received and describing the next steps Introduction We launched the Accountability Indicators in August 2017. This is another way for the organization to demonstrate accountability, and helps you see how we are making progress against our...
  • ICANN61 Still Slated for Puerto Rico

    It took less than 24 hours—one day—for Hurricane Maria to devastate Puerto Rico and many of its neighbors, but it will take years for them to recover. It is an understatement to say that for everyone affected, the journey back to their once normal lives will be long,...
  • The Story Behind ICANN’s Decision to Delay the KSK Rollover

    Most are now aware of ICANN's announced decision to postpone the changing of the cryptographic key that helps protect the Domain Name System (DNS). This change or "roll" was originally scheduled for 11 October. I would like to provide some additional details about what...
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."