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Blog

  • Recognizing ICANN Community Contributions in 2020

    The ICANN Board, community, andorganization aregrateful for the community's tireless efforts and cooperative spirit shown over the last year. The collaborative contributions that community members have made through our Supporting Organizations, Advisory Committees, and...
  • 2020 Hindsight After 20 Years

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    After two decades of involvement with ICANN, I am stepping down from the Board of Directors, where I served for nine years. I have spent considerable time of late reflecting on the past 20 years and I have isolated some memories that help frame my time with ICANN....
  • Promoting Mutual Respect at Public Meetings

    As ICANN69 approaches, the ICANN Office of the Ombudsman would like to take this opportunity to thank each of you for your commitment to and respect for ICANN’s consensus-based, multistakeholder process of policymaking. ICANN Public Meetings are an important forum for the...
  • ICANN69: Registration and Meeting Schedule Access

    As you may have read in my earlier blog, ICANN69 is rapidly approaching, and we have made several changes to enhance and secure the meeting sessions. One of the new requirements is that everyone mustregister forICANN69 in order to view the schedule and participation links...
  • ICANN69 Begins 13 October

    I am delighted to welcome you to the third and most ambitious ICANN Virtual Public Meeting to date, the ICANN69 Annual General Meeting (AGM). Originally scheduled to take place in Hamburg, Germany, this meeting is now being held virtually in the Central European Time zone...
  • Collaboration and Consensus: Understanding the EPDP’s Work

    This August, the Expedited Policy Development Process Phase 2 team submitted its Phase 2 Final Report, which outlines 22 recommendations for a System for Standardized Access/Disclosure (SSAD) for nonpublic generic top-level domain (gTLD) registration data, as well as...
  • The Middle East Engagement Journey

    As we embark on the new Fiscal Years (FY) 2021-2025 Middle East Regional Plan that came into effect on 1 July 2020, it is worth reviewing our regional undertakings and accomplishments over the past four years. 30 June 2020 marked the end of the FY 2017-2020 Middle East...
  • Language Services at ICANN69

    As a global organization, ICANN is committed to making our events and content accessible to our global community. I'm pleased to tell you that we will once again offer remote simultaneous interpretation (RSI) in the six United Nations languages (Arabic, Chinese, English,...
  • Making ICANN Public Meetings Work for You

    As we prepare for the ICANN69 Virtual Annual General Meeting, I am reminded of the important role our Public Meetings play in our multistakeholder model. It's where we develop policies that shape the future of the Internet. They also provide a space to build and...
  • A New Milestone for ICANN’s Reserve Fund

    Two years ago during ICANN63, the ICANN Board approved an eight-year plan to replenish the ICANN Reserve Fund to an amount equal to one year of operating expenses as the minimum target level of the Reserve Fund. Last month, for the first time in ICANN’s history, the...
  • ICANN69 Update: Improving Your Meeting Experience

    With all ICANN meetings, our goal is to provide a secure and inclusive space for all participants. The COVID-19 pandemic has made this objective all the more important. The virtual meeting format, which we launched with ICANN67 in March and improved with ICANN68 in June,...
  • Chair’s Blog: September Virtual Board Workshop

    From 9 to 11 September, the ICANN Board held a virtual workshop focused on organizing our work and ensuring that we are fully prepared to deliver on our operational priorities. With ICANN69, our Annual General Meeting (AGM), quickly approaching, it was also an opportunity...
  • ICANN Installs Root Server Cluster in Singapore

    I am pleased to update our community on the installation of an ICANN Managed Root Server (IMRS) cluster in Singapore. This new cluster will help to increase the root server capacity for the Asia Pacific region and bolster the resiliency of the entire Root Server System....
  • What's New on the RDDS Roadmap?

    As part of an effort to keep the community informed about the evolution of policy and management of registration data, new information about the ICANN org's ongoing projects related to Registration Data Directory Services (RDDS) has been published. This roadmap, which is...
  • Chair’s Blog: Board Priorities Ahead of September Remote Workshop

    This week, the Board will be meeting remotely from 9 to 11 September to discuss and deliberate on several pressing issues. While the present circumstances continue to disrupt how the Board normally meets and conducts its business, it’s important that we keep our momentum...
  • ICANN OCTO Publications: Supporting Technical Engagement

    ICANN's Office of the Chief Technology Officer (OCTO) is tasked with the formidable mission: to help improve the technical posture of ICANN in the world. As part of this mission, the OCTO team creates and publishes a portfolio of research papers and technical briefings...
  • Working Toward a More Secure Domain Name System (DNS) Ecosystem

    The Domain Name System Security Facilitation Initiative Technical Study Group (DSFI-TSG) is now well underway and has completed its first major milestone: finalizing its charter and scope. Attacks on the DNS rarely impact only one actor in the Internet ecosystem and many...
  • How to Follow ICANN’s Government Engagement IGO Observations

    The Government Engagement (GE) function at ICANN org is responsible for the development and implementation of a global strategy to engage with governments and intergovernmental organizations (IGOs). The GE team, comprised of political issue-based subject-matter experts,...
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."