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Blog

  • ICANN Community Priorities and the COVID-19 Pandemic

    Earlier this year, Supporting Organization (SO) and Advisory Committee (AC) leaders met to outline their priorities for 2020. This exercise provided a starting point for current discussions about prioritizing ICANN community work in light of the COVID-19 pandemic. ICANN...
  • Prioritizing the Board’s Work and Goals During COVID-19

    As the COVID-19 pandemic continues to disrupt our daily lives, more and more people are turning to the Internet to connect with friends and families, conduct business, and stay up-to-date with the latest information. ICANN, as the coordinator of the Internet’s system of...
  • Feedback Needed for PTI’s First Comprehensive Strategic Plan

    As many of you are aware, ICANN org adopted its Strategic Plan for Fiscal Years 2021-2025 (FY21-25) and is now completing its Operating Plan for the same period as part of the ICANN Planning Process. With all of the planning work happening across the ICANN ecosystem,...
  • Conducting a Key Signing Ceremony in the Face of COVID-19

    Four times a year, ICANN brings together experts from around the world to perform a "key signing ceremony" — a critical operational event that is fundamental to how we secure the Domain Name System (DNS). In light of the COVID-19 pandemic and related stay-at-home orders...
  • ICANN Org’s Multifaceted Response to DNS Abuse

    While the March report from ICANN’s Domain Abuse Activity Reporting system show a general reduction in second-level gTLD domain names identified as being used in phishing, malware distribution, and botnet command and control, it has been widely reported that criminals are...
  • ICANN to Extend Community Childcare Grants Pilot Program

    ICANN is extending its Community Childcare Grants Pilot Program to Fiscal Year 2021. The extension was made due to the remote participation-only nature of the ICANN67 and ICANN68 Public Meetings, as well as the cancelation of the 2020 GDD Industry Summit and ICANN DNS...
  • Trendsetting Virtual Meetings: Inquiring Minds Want to Know

    When ICANN67 became ICANN’s first-ever virtual Public Meeting, little did we realize the interest it would stir. It was only after the Los Angeles Times reported on our preparation in its online and print editions that the importance of this ‘innovation’ started to sink...
  • Best-of-Breed Software: Not Just an Afterthought

    Every day, the ICANN org, Board, and community use a number of different software platforms and applications to create and collaborate on ICANN’s work. This is especially the case right now, with so many of us working from home. Each one of these programs serves a...
  • Update from the Office of the Ombudsman

    The Office of the Ombudsman remains fully operational despite the ongoing disruptions caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. My ICANN Ombuds team member, Barbara Curwin, and I would like to update you on recent work. We are pleased to announce the ICANN Office of the Ombudsman...
  • Addressing Recent Zoom News

    Recently, ICANN’s video conferencing platform, Zoom, has been in the news quite a bit. With shelter-in-place and work-from-home becoming more familiar, not only for the ICANN community but the world at large, Zoom has become a vital tool for many businesses. With this...
  • PIR Transaction and Proposed Public Interest Commitments Update

    Since Public Interest Registry (PIR) formally notified ICANN of the proposed change of control transaction on 14 November 2019, the ICANN org and Board have worked together to thoughtfully and thoroughly evaluate the proposed acquisition to ensure that the .ORG registry...
  • Relief for Registrants in Response to COVID-19

    We have received several inquiries from our contracted parties about steps that ICANN org could take to help mitigate issues in the domain name industry ecosystem in light of the COVID-19 pandemic. These include concerns about the ability of registrants to renew their...
  • Keeping the DNS Secure During the Coronavirus Pandemic

    The Internet’s value in bringing people together has never been more apparent than it is now. While most of us are under some form of “stay at home” order in an effort to slow the spread of the coronavirus, the Internet provides us with a lifeline. It brings us...
  • Executive Team Announcement

    When there is a change in the executive leadership of the ICANN organization, it is important that we inform the community in a timely manner. Today, I would like to share with you that Cyrus Namazi, Senior Vice President of Global Domains Division (GDD), has decided to...
  • Becoming UA-Ready – ICANN Update

    Learn Best Practices to Increase Internet Inclusivity and Diversity Through UA The Domain Name System (DNS) is more inclusive and diverse than ever before with top-level domain (TLD) names in different languages and scripts, such as Arabic, Chinese, Hindi, Russian, as...
  • ICANN Open Data Platform 1.0: A Multistakeholder Success

    On Wednesday, 11 March 2020, ICANN officially launched version 1.0 of the Open Data Platform. During the Open Data session at ICANN67, the ICANN organization provided an informational overview of the platform, its features, and registration benefits. Now we want to hear...
  • Chair’s Blog: Recap of the March Remote Board Workshop

    From 2-7 March 2020, the ICANN Board gathered online for its workshop to further its business and prepare to engage with the community during ICANN’s 67th Public Meeting and first ever Virtual Community Forum. To adapt to this remote format, we stretched our meeting...
  • ICANN Org Issues Work-from-Home Guidance

    As the COVID-19 outbreak continues to evolve, the health and safety of the ICANN organization staff and the community remain our top priority. In situations like this, I believe it is important to communicate internal developments and ICANN org-related decisions to the...
  • Remote Participation During ICANN67

    Due to concerns over the COVID-19 coronavirus, ICANN’s 67th Public Meeting will now be a fully virtual experience. While we will still be providing remote participation for all sessions on the schedule, it will be modified for the current circumstances, including...
  • Chair’s Blog: An Overview of the March Remote Board Workshop

    With so many things on our plate, the ICANN community, organization, and Board are all confronted with a sudden need to find new ways of getting things done. The Board’s recent decision to change ICANN67 from a face-to-face meeting in Cancún, Mexico, into a fully remote...
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."