Skip to main content

Blog

  • EPDP Phase 2 Team Publishes Final Report

    On behalf of the Expedited Policy Development Process (EPDP) Team on the Temporary Specification for generic top-level domain (gTLD) Registration Data, I am pleased to announce the publication of the Team's Phase 2 Final Report. The Final Report sets out the EPDP Team's...
  • The Asia Pacific Regional Plan for FY21-25 is Ready

    As a follow-up to my previous blog seeking feedback, I am pleased to announce that the Asia Pacific (APAC) Regional Plan for Fiscal Years (FY) 2021-2025 is now finalized. I am grateful for the input provided by the APAC community over the last few months of consultations,...
  • ICANN President & CEO Goals for Fiscal Year 2021

    The world around ICANN is changing, and ICANN needs to evolve with it. Each year, I work with the ICANN Board to develop my goals for the next fiscal year, and then work with the Executive team to build a plan to achieve them. We set goals to help the entire ICANN...
  • The Africa Regional Plan for FY21-25 – What it Means

    I am pleased to share with you ICANN's final Africa Regional Plan for Fiscal Years (FY) 2021-2025. The launch of the ICANN Strategic Plan for FY21-25 provided an opportunity to review and realign our engagement plan for Africa. Accordingly, the Global Stakeholder...
  • The Importance of ITHI to You, and How to Participate

    One way ICANN fulfills its mission of ensuring the stable and secure operation of the Internet's unique identifier systems is by monitoring and collecting Domain Name System (DNS) related data. For this purpose, ICANN has launched a number of data-collecting initiatives,...
  • Guidelines for Developing New ICANN Learn Courses

    In-person ICANN meetings and workshops may be on hold in light of COVID-19-related travel restrictions, but we are continuing to develop self-paced online learning opportunities hosted on ICANN Learn. Capacity development is a significant way to enhance engagement with...
  • Using All the Tools in the Toolbox for Meaningful Engagement

    The ICANN community’s commitment to its work during these difficult times is impressive. The COVID-19 pandemic has helped us realize that many of the tools we need are already in use, and it has pushed us to be creative with how we approach our work. As I outlined in a...
  • The Middle East Regional Plan for Fiscal Years 2021-2025 is Ready

    I am pleased to share the final ICANN Middle East Regional Plan for Fiscal Years 2021-2025 [PDF, 447 KB] and the Action Plan for Fiscal Year 2021 [PDF, 423 KB]. In a previous blog, I referred to the draft regional plan document that was posted for public comments, and we...
  • We All Have A Responsibility to Combat Systemic Racism and Injustice

    We’ve all witnessed the protests taking place around the world calling for equal justice and the end to systemic racism. These are core principles and global issues that ICANN strongly supports and are part of our very ethos. We have zero tolerance for discrimination of...
  • Important Update - ICANN68 to be Held as Zoom Webinars

    On the first day of ICANN68, several sessions were subject to instances of disruption, or “Zoombombing.” This occurs when Internet trolls interrupt public Zoom meetings and use Zoom’s features to share offensive audio, images, and video. The individuals responsible for...
  • ICANN68: 2020 Nominating Committee (NomCom) Update

    The 2020 Nominating Committee (NomCom) is over halfway through its recruiting timeline for open ICANN leadership positions. Ahead of ICANN68, we want to provide you with an update on how the search is progressing. The COVID-19 pandemic has made it difficult to meet our...
  • Board Work Ahead of and During ICANN68

    Over the past few months, ICANN org and the community have been working diligently to ensure that ICANN68, our second virtual ICANN Public Meeting and the first-ever Virtual Policy Forum, is capable of supporting the community’s ongoing policy and development work. The...
  • Countdown to ICANN68

    Hero1 welcome blog to the icann68 01 icannorg blog 750xfree copy
    I am looking forward to welcoming you to the ICANN68 Virtual Policy Forum. While we were unable to hold the meeting in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, the meeting will be held in the Kuala Lumpur time zone (UTC+8). I'd like to take this opportunity to thank the Kuala Lumpur host...
  • Zoom Enhanced Security & Feature Updates

    Following a number of updates to Zoom in the past weeks, we felt that this would be a good time to review both ICANN org’s and the ICANN community’s usage of the application. You may recall our message last month alerting you to some of the coming changes to Zoom,...
  • Expanded Interpretation Services for ICANN68

    Interpretation is an important feature of ICANN Public Meetings. To enable broader participation and facilitate the community’s work, ICANN org makes many events, meetings, and content accessible in the six United Nations languages – Arabic, Chinese, English, French,...
  • ICANN and the Schools on Internet Governance

    Building capacity or providing training in Internet Governance (IG) is critical to enabling stakeholder groups to participate fully in all IG-related processes. Schools on Internet Governance (SIGs) were created specifically to support this objective. The first SIG...
  • Organizational Changes Coming to ICANN org

    In this day and age, all organizations experience change; whether planned or unplanned, change is inevitable. This requires us to be responsive and adaptable. As stewards of ICANN org, my Executive team and I take this responsibility seriously. Whenever changes occur, it...
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."