Skip to main content

Blog

  • Using All the Tools in the Toolbox for Meaningful Engagement

    The ICANN community’s commitment to its work during these difficult times is impressive. The COVID-19 pandemic has helped us realize that many of the tools we need are already in use, and it has pushed us to be creative with how we approach our work. As I outlined in a...
  • The Middle East Regional Plan for Fiscal Years 2021-2025 is Ready

    I am pleased to share the final ICANN Middle East Regional Plan for Fiscal Years 2021-2025 [PDF, 447 KB] and the Action Plan for Fiscal Year 2021 [PDF, 423 KB]. In a previous blog, I referred to the draft regional plan document that was posted for public comments, and we...
  • We All Have A Responsibility to Combat Systemic Racism and Injustice

    We’ve all witnessed the protests taking place around the world calling for equal justice and the end to systemic racism. These are core principles and global issues that ICANN strongly supports and are part of our very ethos. We have zero tolerance for discrimination of...
  • Important Update - ICANN68 to be Held as Zoom Webinars

    On the first day of ICANN68, several sessions were subject to instances of disruption, or “Zoombombing.” This occurs when Internet trolls interrupt public Zoom meetings and use Zoom’s features to share offensive audio, images, and video. The individuals responsible for...
  • ICANN68: 2020 Nominating Committee (NomCom) Update

    The 2020 Nominating Committee (NomCom) is over halfway through its recruiting timeline for open ICANN leadership positions. Ahead of ICANN68, we want to provide you with an update on how the search is progressing. The COVID-19 pandemic has made it difficult to meet our...
  • Board Work Ahead of and During ICANN68

    Over the past few months, ICANN org and the community have been working diligently to ensure that ICANN68, our second virtual ICANN Public Meeting and the first-ever Virtual Policy Forum, is capable of supporting the community’s ongoing policy and development work. The...
  • Countdown to ICANN68

    Hero1 welcome blog to the icann68 01 icannorg blog 750xfree copy
    I am looking forward to welcoming you to the ICANN68 Virtual Policy Forum. While we were unable to hold the meeting in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, the meeting will be held in the Kuala Lumpur time zone (UTC+8). I'd like to take this opportunity to thank the Kuala Lumpur host...
  • Zoom Enhanced Security & Feature Updates

    Following a number of updates to Zoom in the past weeks, we felt that this would be a good time to review both ICANN org’s and the ICANN community’s usage of the application. You may recall our message last month alerting you to some of the coming changes to Zoom,...
  • Expanded Interpretation Services for ICANN68

    Interpretation is an important feature of ICANN Public Meetings. To enable broader participation and facilitate the community’s work, ICANN org makes many events, meetings, and content accessible in the six United Nations languages – Arabic, Chinese, English, French,...
  • ICANN and the Schools on Internet Governance

    Building capacity or providing training in Internet Governance (IG) is critical to enabling stakeholder groups to participate fully in all IG-related processes. Schools on Internet Governance (SIGs) were created specifically to support this objective. The first SIG...
  • Organizational Changes Coming to ICANN org

    In this day and age, all organizations experience change; whether planned or unplanned, change is inevitable. This requires us to be responsive and adaptable. As stewards of ICANN org, my Executive team and I take this responsibility seriously. Whenever changes occur, it...
  • An Update from the SSR2 Review Team

    The second Security, Stability, and Resiliency (SSR2) Review Team continues to progress its assessment of how well ICANN is executing its commitment to enhance the operational stability, reliability, resiliency, security, and global interoperability of the Internet's...
  • ICANN68 Virtual Policy Forum: Schedule Now Available

    Today, the ICANN organization published the schedule for the ICANN68 Virtual Policy Forum to be held from 22-25 June 2020. The ICANN community took the lead in organizing the four-day program. The schedule features plenary sessions exploring Domain Name System (DNS) abuse...
  • An Update Regarding the Board’s Operational Priorities

    With everything going on at the current moment, the Board has not forgotten its longer-term priorities. It's important that we continue to learn from our experiences and invest in efforts to move forward in healthy ways. We are committed to continuous improvement. One of...
  • Moving Toward Implementation: Next Steps for Work Stream 2

    Following the conclusion of the work of the Cross-Community Working Group on Enhancing ICANN Accountability, Working Stream 2 (WS2), the ICANN Board passed a resolution in November 2019 to adopt the consensus recommendations contained in the WS2 Final Report [PDF, 9.2...
  • An Update From The 2020 Nominating Committee

    The 2020 Nominating Committee (NomCom) continues its work to find the most qualified candidates for open ICANN leadership positions. While the COVID-19 pandemic has posed unique challenges, it is important that you know our efforts are proceeding. We are working closely...
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."