Skip to main content

Blog

  • Welcome to ICANN60!

    Welcome to ICANN60 – our Annual General Meeting. This is our first ICANN meeting in the Gulf Cooperation Council, and it will undoubtedly be a very busy one. It is my first time in Abu Dhabi and I am glad to be here. So much of our work is done over email, over the phone...
  • LACNIC: Celebrating 15 Years of Regional Excellence

    We're currently in Montevideo, Uruguay, for LACNIC28 and the last intercessional ICANN Board Workshop of the year. We can't speak about being at the LACNIC meeting without first conveying our best wishes to our friends and colleagues in the Caribbean and in Mexico who...
  • Improvements to the Quarterly Stakeholder Updates

    We're evolving the Quarterly Stakeholder Updates to serve your needs better. Despite the changes, you will still receive the core information in a transparent and accountable way, and will still be able to ask the ICANN organization questions. After reviewing the data...
  • Our International Office Strategy

    When I first joined ICANN, many of you had asked me about how we manage our offices around the world. We've now formalized this in our international office strategy so that we operate more consistently and effectively together, serving you, the global community. Offices...
  • President’s Corner: Greetings from Johannesburg

    Welcome to the second Policy Forum – whether you are here in Johannesburg or following along from home. I am consistently reminded as I meet with ICANN stakeholders around the world, on behalf of the ICANN organization, that the Internet is no one country's national...
  • President's Corner: Catching up with Stakeholders

    It was great to see so many of you in person during ICANN58 in Copenhagen. With more than 2,500 registered attendees, and more than 300 sessions, we were all very busy, and I thank you all for your hard work and focus. I also want to thank our generous hosts from...
  • Welcome to Copenhagen

    Hero1 goran welcome to copenhagen
    I am very glad to be here in Denmark and hope to talk to as many of you as possible while we’re here at the Community Forum. This has been a big year for accountability in the ICANN ecosystem. We are under new, enhanced and improved accountability measures. We are on a...
  • Presidents Corner: Increased Reporting to the Community

    Ahead of each Board workshop, the ICANN Organization Executive Team compiles a brief report for the Board that summarizes each department’s highlights, milestones and provides an overview of recent activity. In our continued commitment to increased transparency, we will...
  • Evolving ICANN’s Executive Team

    Since my last update on ICANN’s Executive Team, I have made further enhancements to its structure to help provide continuity and optimize the ICANN organization’s performance to better support the community. As I’ve said before, this is an evolution, not a revolution. To...
  • Changes to ICANN’s Global Leadership Team

    Since joining ICANN late May, I’ve been thinking about ICANN’s Global Leadership Team and what functions should be present to help guide the organization. As a result, I’ve made a few small changes to this team to reflect the importance of key functions and make sure we’...
  • The First Week

    As I begin my role with ICANN, I wanted to provide you with a quick update on my early days. With a packed schedule, I've been focused on learning as much as possible, and on meeting many members of the ICANN community. I kicked off with my first Board workshop, in...
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."