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过去几年间,针对域名系统 (Domain Name System, DNS) 的滥用活动日益增多,例如:恶意软件、网络钓鱼和僵尸网络。我们还看到,注册管理机构和内容提供商自愿签署协议以减少大量网络侵权活动。考虑到这些进展,我们正在启动一轮面向社群的有关合同合规和消费者保护一题的讨论,其中涉及 ICANN 在应对 DNS 滥用时所拥有的权力和能力。

请于 2017 年 9 月 25 日参与我们的初步社群讨论,研究合同合规和消费者保护等事务。我们根据从社群搜集上来的建议编制了以下的灵活议程,用于协调这轮非正式讨论:

我们还将请求参会人考量是否需要在 ICANN60 会议上专设一节会议进行讨论。我们期待着召开这节初始讨论会。如果您无法参与本次网络研讨会但愿意分享您的看法,或如果您还存有任何疑问,请联系 ICANN 消费者保护主管布里安·希凌


    Domain Name System
    Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."