Upcoming Comments from the ICANN Board to the ICG and CCWG-Accountability
This is a very important week as we work towards the end of phase one of the IANA Stewardship Transition. With both the ICG and CCWG-Accountability public comments coming to a close, the ICANN Board plans to submit comments into each process.
Firstly, the Board will submit comments on the ICG IANA Stewardship Transition Proposal. We are very appreciative of all the hard work done by the ICG members and the three operational communities to produce the ICG proposal. The main focus of our comments will be on the implementation of the proposals by ICANN as the current IANA Functions Operator.
Secondly, as discussed extensively over the past week, the ICANN Board will submit comments on the CCWG-Accountability 2nd Draft Proposal on Enhancing ICANN Accountability. These inputs will include:
- Comments on the mission and core values; and
- Suggested enhancements of elements of the draft report; and
- A matrix of the key elements proposed by the CCWG-Accountability highlighting the elements of alignment between the Board and the CCWG-Accountability as well as the elements where the Board has suggested enhancements.
We thank the community for their consideration of our comments and continued trust in the multistakeholder process that has got us this far. The continued back and forth of ideas and opinions is how we will together build the strongest proposal for the IANA Stewardship Transition, and we look forward to the next steps in the process and encourage all interested parties to submit their comments before the deadline.
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."