The Middle East Regional Plan for Fiscal Years 2021-2025 is Ready
I am pleased to share the final ICANN Middle East Regional Plan for Fiscal Years 2021-2025 [PDF, 447 KB] and the Action Plan for Fiscal Year 2021 [PDF, 423 KB]. In a previous blog, I referred to the draft regional plan document that was posted for public comments, and we were pleased to receive community input as illustrated in the report [PDF, 238 KB] published on 17 April.
When the community-led group, the Middle East and Adjoining Countries Strategy Working Group (MEAC-SWG), was formed in late 2019, it began its work by studying the FY21-FY25 ICANN Strategic Plan to ensure that the regional plan was aligned with the global strategic objectives. To that end, the MEAC-SWG adopted four of the five strategic focus areas that came in the ICANN Strategic Plan as focus areas for the region. These areas are:
- ICANN's Governance
- Unique identifier Systems
For each focus area, the regional plan defines a list of regional goals and targeted outcomes. The FY21 Action Plan further details the activities that will be undertaken during fiscal year 2021 along with metrics to help measure progress made towards the implementation of the plan.
I would like to extend our special thanks to the MEAC-SWG and its leadership for working diligently over the past few months in developing the FY21-25 Middle East Regional Plan, and for their valuable advice and support to help ICANN org finalize the FY21 Action Plan.
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."