Strengthening LAC Community Involvement in ICANN's Policy Development Work
The ICANN62 Policy Forum meeting in Panama City in June 2018, presents an opportunity to strengthen the involvement of Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) community members in ICANN's policy and outreach activities.
We will build on the success of the first Regional Newcomers Fellowship Pilot at ICANN59 in Johannesburg and select 15 individuals from the LAC region to participate at ICANN62 as part of the pilot.
Many of you may be aware that the Fellowship Program is only open to alumni for the Policy Forum; newcomers are not eligible due to the nature and focus of the meeting on policy development.
To complement this, the Regional Newcomers Fellowship Pilot furthers regional engagement by bringing newcomers from the region in which the meeting is taking place.
Those selected to participate will be integrated with the rest of ICANN Fellows for the duration of the meeting and bring a wealth of experience and diversity. The 15 slots will count against the total number of annual ICANN Fellowship Program slots.
Application and selection processes are carried out by ICANN's regional Global Stakeholder Engagement team.
In selecting participants for the Panama meeting, we focused our efforts on maintaining stakeholder group balance. Candidates are from the naming and number communities, contracted parties, private sector and civil society. We worked closely with and sought advice from regional organizations such LACNIC, LACTLD, LACRALO, NPOC and NCUC to achive our objective.
Selection criteria included:
- Be a newcomer (never attended an ICANN meeting in the past)
- Be a national from a country in the LAC region
- Be currently involved or have demonstrated potential to contribute to ICANN´s policy work
Although the names of successful applicants will be published soon, we are happy to share information related to gender and geographic diversity, as follows:
Countries: 11 total
- Costa Rica
- Trinidad and Tobago
We look forward to working closely with the selectees and colleagues from the region to ensure program participants maximize on this opportunity to participate at the Policy Forum in Panama.
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."