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Steve Goldstein and Susan Crawford live

Two members of the Board, Steve Goldstein and Susan Crawford, addressed the ICANN fellows during the San Juan meeting. They gave interesting talks about the history of the net and the history of ICANN.

You can listen to their conferences here:

Steve Goldstein Susan Crawford

Photos by Joi Ito

Podcast roll

Steve Goldstein

(total 46:07)

Steve Goldstein
Photo by Joi Ito

Steve moves through the history that goes between a 64kbps international link to the 5Mbps connection he has at his home. He describes the start of a new profession: an international connections manager. And he explains the key of working from the grass-root level to build networks around the world. It seems incredible why downloading a document, such as the RFC 1591 short file text, was so complicated just a few years ago when there was no web. And finally he addresses the question of why ICANN (does not) rule?

Susan Crawford

(total 24:16)

Susan Crawford

Photo by Joi Ito

Susan speaks about why she became involved in ICANN, her background (“a rebel who become a lawyer, a musician that went to law school”), ICANN’s founding myth (“the immaculate conception”) and intellectual property matters as they relate to ICANN.

On the last minute of the audio, starting at 23:10, she makes an invitation to participate in the One Web Day initiative around the world, to celebrate the changes that the Internet has done in human lives.

We hope you find these conferences interesting. They might even help to convince you to apply to ICANN’s fellowships program, active now for the next meeting in Los Angeles (29 October – 2 November). Remember that the closing day for applications is next Friday, 24 August.


    Domain Name System
    Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."