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Reaching out to university students

In advance of the ICANN Annual Meeting in Los Angeles, ICANN is conducting a number of events with area universities. Yesterday two sessions were conducted with the University of Southern California, a morning session with USC’s Information Sciences Institute and an afternoon session at USC’s Viterbi School of Engineering. Tina Dam was the featured speaker at each session, and she provided a summary of ICANN’s Internationalized Domain Name efforts. Students had an opportunity to learn more about the upcoming IDN .test evaluation plan and ask questions about ICANN’s structure and procedures.

An additional event is planned at Loyola Law School next week. University outreach events have been conducted during the last two ICANN meetings in Lisbon, Portugal and San Juan, Puerto Rico, but because of the full schedule for ICANN’s Annual Meeting, a university outreach event will not be conducted during the week of the meeting. These separate smaller outreach events with area universities will continue in place of an outreach event during the ICANN meeting.

Students that are interested in attending ICANN’s 30th International Public meeting can find out more at


    Domain Name System
    Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."