OAS, Interpol and ICANN Join Forces Again to Train Law Enforcement Agencies in Latin America
The Organization of American States (OAS), Interpol and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), are again organizing a closed training for law enforcement agencies from Spanish-speaking countries in Latin America. It will take place from 22 to 24 June, right before the ICANN62 meeting in Panama. Among other topics, the training will cover strategies, techniques and tools used by threat researchers to identify and investigate different forms of abuse of the Domain Name System (DNS).
The Spanish National Cybersecurity Institute (INCIBE) will share its experience in enhancing collaboration and cooperation with law enforcement, focusing on tools and methods. Other speakers will include, among others, The Shadowserver Foundation, Crowdstrike, Inc. and the Secure Domain Foundation, that will provide their own perspective regarding collaboration, as well as threat identification, mitigation, containment and attribution. Additional topics that will be covered will include malware analysis, blockchain technologies from an investigative point of view, and conducting research via Tor.
This training is a continuation of the ongoing collaborative efforts between the OAS, Interpol, INCIBE and ICANN. For several years, they have successfully helped create investigative capacities in Spain, Latin America and the Caribbean by sharing knowledge, increasing trust and enhancing collaboration.
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."