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LACNIC: Celebrating 15 Years of Regional Excellence

We're currently in Montevideo, Uruguay, for LACNIC28 and the last intercessional ICANN Board Workshop of the year. We can't speak about being at the LACNIC meeting without first conveying our best wishes to our friends and colleagues in the Caribbean and in Mexico who have been dealing with devastating natural disasters over the past few weeks. Our thoughts are with you in this difficult time.

Having these two meetings coincide was no coincidence. We are using this opportunity to meet with the LACNIC Board, to see how our two organizations can collaborate in more meaningful and beneficial ways.

This year marks LACNIC's 15th anniversary, but the story of their regional success starts at the very beginning, when it was officially ratified as a Regional Internet Registry by the ICANN Board at ICANN14 in Shanghai, China. In 2002, LACNIC had just four employees and 147 associated entities, but thanks to its hard work, LACNIC has grown to nearly 60 employees and more than 6,000 associated entities.

Their expansion is a testament to its hard work and dedication to developing and increasing the stability of the Internet in the region. LACNIC's success is a sign of trust, continuity, and leadership, and can be attributed to the combined efforts of every individual involved in this great adventure.

LACNIC's story is also the story of La Casa de Internet for Latin America and the Caribbean, which, since 2012, has become home to several Internet organizations. This unique experience promotes collaboration between the organizations that work there. But above all, it has created a family that shares a common goal. The Casa de Internet is the product of a visionary organization that has been tireless and fervent in its efforts toward the development of its regional communities. ICANN is honored to call the Casa its regional home since 2013.

We wish our friends at LACNIC continued growth, and know they will continue to inspire us all with their successes to come.

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    Domain Name System
    Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."