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La importancia de evaluar los daños colaterales antes de solicitar la toma de un dominio

En nuestro Documento de Reflexión sobre Tomas y Retiros de Dominios, publicado en marzo de 2012, brindamos orientación [PDF, 439 KB] a cualquier persona que prepara solicitudes para tomar o retirar nombres de dominio. Con esta ayuda no apoyamos este tipo de acciones como medida prescriptiva, ni tampoco consideramos que las tomas o retiros son las soluciones adecuadas para cada uso indebido o abuso. Solo reconocemos que las medidas de este tipo han sido y continúan siendo adoptadas con el fin de combatir el uso delictivo o abusivo del DNS.

Varios acontecimientos destacados que ocurrieron el año pasado demuestran que las tomas de dominios pueden generar consecuencias graves y no intencionadas a operadores de sitios web legítimos, registratarios de nombres de dominio y otros investigadores. En nuestro documento de reflexión "La importancia de evaluar los daños colaterales antes de solicitar la toma de un dominio", ofrecemos orientación a través de preguntas que los investigadores y elaboradores de solicitudes deberían realizar para garantizar que las tomas no solo logren el efecto deseado, sino que también lo logren sin interrumpir servicios o generar daños a operadores de sitios web legítimos o registratarios de nombres de dominio.

http://www.icann.org/en/about/staff/security/seizure-collateral-assess-24jan13-en

Comments

    Domain Name System
    Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."