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ICANN Participation in Global Conference on Cyberspace 2017

Apac gccs copy

The Global Conference on Cyberspace (GCCS) brings governments, the private sector, and civil society together to promote practical cooperation in cyberspace, work towards enhancing capacity building, and discuss norms for responsible behavior in cyberspace. The GCCS emerged from the London Process in 2011 – where the British Government realizing the need for nations, civil society and the private sector to meet periodically to discuss governing behavior in cyberspace, mooted the idea of this periodic meeting.

India hosted the fifth GCCS in New Delhi from 23-24 November 2017. The event was well attended by global Internet governance policy makers and governments. According to the hosts, close to 4,000 delegates from 124 nations, including 33 ministerial delegations, participated at this event. The meeting’s themes were:

  • Cyber for Digital Inclusion
  • Cyber for Growth
  • Cyber for Security
  • Cyber for Diplomacy

I participated at GCCS, along with Board members Maarten Botterman and Matthew Shears, and my colleagues at ICANN Org Veni Markovski, Nigel Hickson and Samiran Gupta. ICANN’s participation in this meeting was to ensure that our narrow remit in cyberspace is understood by policy makers. We also engaged in meaningful bilateral meetings with the United Kingdom, United States of America, Egypt, Mauritius, Israel, and India.

Maarten, Veni, Samiran and I spoke at various sessions at the GCCS. The key trending conversations included global cooperation in cyber security, inclusive growth, and the emergence of new technologies in the Internet space.

It was significant to hear India’s affirmation of ICANN’s multistakeholder model of Internet governance. This was mentioned by the Indian Minister of Electronics and Information Technology, Ravi Shankar Prasad, in his closing address. India’s Minister for External Affairs, Sushma Swaraj, too reiterated India’s support to the multistakeholder model.

As more people come online and Internet technologies develop further, it remains important for nations, civil society and the private sector to continue to find platforms to speak to each other on norms of behavior in cyberspace. ICANN will continue to engage in events such as the GCCS to ensure policy makers understand our role in cyberspace.

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    Domain Name System
    Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."