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ICANN Expands Engagement in the Caribbean in 2016

Bridgetown, Barbados

Bridgetown, Barbados

In 2016, ICANN’s Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) team promoted the domain name system (DNS) industry across the Caribbean region. Planning started for the DNS Study in the Caribbean. We presented on the DNS industry at many local, national and regional events. Engagements took us to Antigua, Barbados, Belize, Haiti, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, St. Kitts and Nevis, and Turks and Caicos.

During the year, we started mapping the “stakeholder journey” of the Caribbean community. We identified active stakeholders and tracked their areas of engagement and their depth of involvement in ICANN.

We also worked to reduce regional gaps in ICANN constituencies. Barbados joined the Country Codes Names Supporting Organization (ccNSO). Belize, Guyana and Suriname joined the Governmental Advisory Committee (GAC), and St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Vincent and the Bahamas are exploring GAC membership.

A Sampling of Events

Port-au-Prince, Haiti

Port-au-Prince, Haiti

CANTO 32, Haiti, January 2016

ICANN presented at the Caribbean Association of National Telecommunications Operators Annual General Meeting (CANTO 32). ICANN spoke about the LAC Strategy projects for 2016–2020, and the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) stewardship transition and efforts to enhance ICANN’s accountability.

Internet Government Workshop, Turks and Caicos, March 2016

The Internet Society and ICANN co-hosted an Internet Governance Workshop in Turks and Caicos. In addition to the stakeholders who attended in person, the live streaming reached remote participants from Trinidad, Barbados and St. Lucia.

Girls in ICT Day, Barbados, April 2016

ICANN was invited to present at the Girls in Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) Day. Several women in ICT presented to over 125 girls and young women from local schools. ICANN’s presentations highlighted successful women working in Internet governance.

CaribNOG 11, Jamaica, April 2016

The Caribbean Network Operators Group (CaribNOG) hosted its 11th gathering this year. ICANN promoted the adoption of Domain Name System Security Extensions (DNSSEC). Other attendees encouraged the deployment of DNSSEC and commented on the ease of technical implementation.

LACNIC 25, Cuba, May 2016

The Caribbean region is split between the American Registry for Internet Numbers (ARIN) and the Latin American and Caribbean Network Information Centre (LACNIC). Even so, Caribbean participation was high at LACNIC 25. ICANN engaged with regional stakeholders from business, technology and civil society on policy development in their respective countries and on their participation in ICANN.

12th Annual Caribbean IGF, Belize, August 2016

The Caribbean Internet Governance Forum (CIGF) embodies a regional multistakeholder approach to Internet governance. Over the years, the event has helped Caribbean stakeholders to better understand Internet governance structures, issues, processes and implications for the region. ICANN sponsored the event, and members of the Stakeholder Engagement team made several presentations.

Caribbean Working Lunch at ICANN57, India, November 2016

At ICANN57 Hyderabad, meeting participants from the Caribbean attended a working lunch, where they discussed regional issues face-to-face. Many ICANN constituencies were represented – from Barbados, Cuba, Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago.

Stay tuned! Soon, we'll launch our "2016 LAC Year in Review" report, which will include more highlights about our work in Latin America and the Caribbean. In the meantime, take a look at recent blog posts by my colleagues Alex Dans (2016 LAC Communications Highlights), Rodrigo Saucedo (2016 LAC Strategy Highlights) and Daniel Fink (ICANN Extends Engagement in Brazil in 2016).


    Domain Name System
    Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."