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ICANN 英才计划:回顾过去,展望未来

熟悉 ICANN 英才计划的人无不知晓它为 ICANN 社群带来的诸多益处。该计划制定于十年前,旨在将来自世界各地欠服务和欠代表社群的人带进 ICANN。其足迹遍布各处。
如今,ICANN 英才计划学员在整个 ICANN 社群中担任着许多领导职务,有些还是 ICANN 董事会和 ICANN 组织的成员,许多社群成员都是通过该计划来到 ICANN。

自 2007 年以来,已有超过 640 人成为英才计划学员,他们代表了各种不同的性别、
背景、地区、经验和专业知识。

哪些人是英才计划学员?他们来自什么地方?

来自 133 个国家和地区的参与者成为了英才计划学员。学员人数最多的地区是拉丁美洲和加勒比海地区,然后是非洲、中东和亚洲地区。从 ICANN55 开始,来自北美地区和其他一些欧洲国家的申请人最近才获得加入英才计划的资格。

总体而言,根据可用数据,33% 的学员为女性,67% 的学员为男性(到目前为止,仅为学员提供男性/女性自我声明)。

在所有学员中,有近四分之三都来自以下三个领域:民间组织、政府和国际政府间组织 (IGO) 以及学术界。这一特点在所有地区都是一致的。

如果您想了解更多详情,请查阅最近的 ICANN 英才计划 10 年调查 [PDF, 981 KB]。该调查针对英才计划学员在 ICANN 社群中扮演的角色提供了宝贵的见解。调查显示,尽管该计划已经发挥了巨大的作用,但在提高学员对大多数 ICANN 工作领域的参与度方面,
还有待取得一些进展。例如:

  • 69% (218) 的受访者表示,他们与各自的 ICANN 地区团队进行了交流;30% (96) 参与制定了地区策略。
  • 62% (198) 目前参与了某个社群,如图所示(右)。(调查参与者可以选择多个选项。)
  • 39% (125) 是积极贡献者、领导者或大使。调查将"积极贡献者"定义为积极参与社群活动的人;将"领导者"定义为目前在社群内担任或担任过领导职务的人;将"大使"定义为现任或前任领导者、新人导师,或定期参与和积极学习及教导他人的人。
  • 此外,31% (67) 成为了某个社群或小组的成员或观察员。

展望未来

在庆祝过去成功的同时,现在也是计划未来的时候。过去几个月,我们一直在研究 ICANN 社群将来如何才能进一步促进计划取得成功,尤其是考虑到 ICANN 的新使命和
目标。

随着 ICANN 持续发展,英才计划必须保持平稳的步调前行。这就要求我们仔细分析其中哪些方面可行,哪些方面还有待改进。

我们期待在接下来的几周和几个月内广泛征询社群的意见,以确定该计划的未来愿景,
并根据确定的需求赋予其优先权。

Comments

    Domain Name System
    Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."