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国际专家齐聚广州共商普遍适用性及多语种邮件发展

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在中国,中文域名一直受到广大用户的欢迎。近年来,随着行业主管部门的政策支持和中国移动互联网的迅猛发展,企业与个人用户对中文域名的认知度日益提升,应用也越来越广泛。

据我了解,国际搜索引擎如谷歌(Google)、必应(Bing)、雅虎(Yahoo)等已开始支持中文域名搜索,谷歌和微软 (Microsoft) 的邮件服务则开始支持非英语电子邮件,也称为多语种电子邮件(Email Address Internationalization, EAI)。

遗憾的是,中国的搜索引擎目前对于中文域名的搜索和展示还未尽如人意。在 EAI 方面,除了中国 EAI 邮件服务提供商论客 (Coremail)和中国互联网络信息中心(CNNIC)合作搭建的中文邮件实验环境,中国许多主要的电子邮件服务提供商还未正式推出中文电子邮件服务。

虽然绝大部分中国人都能够熟练使用拼音输入法在电脑里输入中文,但这并不代表中国不需要继续推动中文域名和中文电子邮件服务。

2018 年 1 月 11 日 - 12 日,我参加了普遍适用性指导小组(Universal Acceptance Steering Group (UASG))* 在中国广州召开的、由 Coremail 承办的 EAI 研讨会。来自中国政府、世界各地的邮件提供商、技术专家、以及中国的域名注册管理机构、注册服务机构汇聚一堂,分享了多语种电子邮件部署和推广的经验及面临的挑战。

特别值得一提的是,在中华人民共和国工业和信息化部(Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of the People's Republic of China)信息通信管理局的大力支持下,我们拜访了位于广州的腾讯(Tencent)邮件服务团队,双方就多语种电子邮件对中文互联网社群的重要意义以及 QQ 邮箱如何更好的支持多语种邮件进行了坦诚友好的交流。微软分享了其全部邮件服务(如 Office 365、Hotmail、Outlook 等)支持 EAI 的工作计划。

总体而言,这次会议极富成效。参会的 ICANN 中国社群成员都表示,会议提供了一次非常有意义的沟通交流机会,并希望在 2018 年里与 UASG 开展更多的合作来推动中文域名和中文邮件的进一步发展。 UASG 应当利用近期中国域名业界的会议展开对话交流,分享普遍适用性(UA)工作的最新进展。我会在不久的将来提供更多的更新。

 

* UASG 于 2015 年在 ICANN 的倡议下组建,其主要任务是不断推动所有域名在全部互联网应用中都能得到普及和普遍适用。其中,国际化域名(Internationalized Domain Name, IDN)和多语种邮件的推广是一项重要工作。IDN 是指包含有中文、西里尔文、阿拉伯文等非拉丁文字符的域名,而 EAI 则是指电子邮件地址中含有非拉丁文字符的电子邮件地址。国际化域名和多语种邮件技术的部署和推广将支持各国和各地区网民使用本国语言作为网址和电子邮件地址,有效缩小数字鸿沟,平衡互联网的全球化和本地化。

Comments

    Domain Name System
    Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."