Draft Report of the Competition, Consumer Trust and Consumer Choice Review Available in January
In early December, members of the Competition, Consumer Trust & Consumer Choice Review Team (CCT-RT) completed a three-day drafting meeting in Washington D.C. On the back of a busy schedule of meetings at ICANN57 and weekly plenary meetings, the drafting meeting was extremely productive. We were able to refine our findings and recommendations as well as identify areas where additional data is needed to support our work.
Although we initially planned to release the draft report in December, we believe it is prudent to take additional time to obtain additional information that will allow us to support our analysis. Before the end of the year, we expect to receive a report on a survey of new gTLD applicants as well as a response from Analysis Group (the study authors) to the public comments on the Phase II Assessment of the Competitive Effects Associated with the New gTLD Program.
We intend to publish the draft report for public comment here in January 2017. Stay tuned!
The Competition, Consumer Trust and Consumer Choice Review Team is examining the extent to which the introduction or expansion of generic top-level domains (gTLDs) has promoted competition, consumer trust and consumer choice. It is also assessing the effectiveness of the application and evaluation processes, as well as the safeguards put in place by ICANN to mitigate issues involved in the introduction or expansion of new gTLDs.
IMPORTANT UPDATE: the Competition, Consumer Trust and Consumer Choice Review Team Report of Draft Recommendations for Public Comment is now scheduled for February 2017.
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."