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Breaking Down Terminology Barriers in ICANN

Quizlet 2 01

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In the ICANN world, the numbers of terms, names and acronyms are increasing daily with each initiative, program or newly established panel. And more terms emerge for each new issue and challenge in the domain name industry and the Internet governance ecosystem. With this in mind, in March 2014 during the ICANN49 Public Meeting in Singapore, the ICANN Language Services Department launched the program “ICANN in Your Language, a program designed to bridge the language gap.  

The ICANN Language Services team created and now maintains glossary and terminology sets in the six U.N. languages – Arabic, Simplified Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish – plus Portuguese. In addition, we are working on making versions available in Japanese, Korean and Turkish. To make this material easily accessible to the community, we have provided these glossaries and terminology sets through a popular application called Quizlet. Quizlet is used mostly to create study cards –  and it’s free for anybody to use. The ICANN Language Services team keeps up to date the official glossaries and term sets for ICANN’s unique terminology and acronyms, which you can find in Quizlet at ICANNLangs.

One of Quizlet’s unique features is letting you hear the pronunciation of the terms in all languages sets that have been created. This feature helps you get comfortable using the terms. To keep the process manageable and to improve the ease of understanding ICANN terminology, the terminology is maintained in terminology sets by subject and domain.  Currently, Quizlet provides the following terminology sets: ICANN General Terms, Acronyms, IANA Glossary, IDN, new gTLD and WHOIS.  ICANN updates the terminology sets on Quizlet each month, so it’s always current with the latest terms from industry and emerging new technologies.

Quizlet is free for anybody to use – you don’t even have to sign up if you don’t want to.  You can access Quizlet online or you can download the mobile app, which is available on the App Store (iPhone) or the Google Play (Android). 

Comments

    promin  03:20 UTC on 21 March 2017

    Thanks for sharing the beautiful post.

    wojooh  06:34 UTC on 12 April 2017

    Thanks for sharing this great App.

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."