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与阿里·迈沙勒 (Ali AlMeshal) 对话

Ali almeshal 750x425 28oct17 zh

阿里·迈沙勒具有 IT、金融和商业背景。他一直通过一般会员咨询委员会 (ALAC) 参与 ICANN。ICANN 第 60 届会议是他出席的第 12 次 ICANN 公共会议。他的 ICANN 之旅是从学员身份开始的—他参加了 ICANN 第 44 届布拉格会议、ICANN 第 45 届多伦多会议和 ICANN 第 48 届布宜诺斯艾利斯会议。

您最初是如何加入 APRALO 的?

2012 年,我遇到了 ICANN 中东地区利益相关方合作事务副总裁巴赫尔·艾斯迈 (Baher Esmat),当时他正在访问巴林。我在巴林互联网协会 (ISOC) 的一位朋友(我们都是该协会的会员)把我介绍给了他。巴赫尔向我简要介绍了 ICANN(考虑 ICANN 101 课程!)。他鼓励我申请我们的 ISOC 章程以便成为一般会员组织 (ALS)。我们申请了,也被批准了,之后我出席了在布拉格举行的我的第一次 ICANN 公共会议。

APRALO 在中东发挥着什么作用?

APRALO 代表 ICANN 的中东战略工作组,包括指导委员会。过去,我们是阿拉伯互联网治理论坛 (IGF) 的一部分。地方和区域活动是 APRALO 扩展其外展活动和召开意识会议的最佳场所。能力培养网络研讨会也是与社群合作交流的有效渠道。

您对中东社群的参与程度满意吗?

在域名系统行业方面,中东社群仍有参与和合作的空间。但我想说,由于 APRALO 领导团队和 ICANN 中东全球利益相关方合作团队越来越重视,合作也变得越来越好。

你们用什么外展活动来吸引您所在地区的更多人?

通过区域和地方工作坊和在线网络研讨会来接触公民社会、学术界、技术社群和商业社群。我们也与该地区可协助宣传 ICANN 的专家开展了合作。

你们面临的主要挑战是什么,你们如何应对这些挑战?

我们面临的主要挑战基本上是让社群认识 ICANN — 知道 ICANN 是什么、做什么和参与的好处。

要怎样才能成为 APRALO 的成员呢?你们希望成员具备任何特定的技能和经验吗?

对一般会员活动感兴趣的任何人都有资格成为会员。我们接受组织成员和个人成员,只要他们满足会员资格标准就行。成员具备的任何类型技能和经验都是有价值的。大家都知道,我们在设法满足最终用户的利益,那涵盖互联网的所有方面。感兴趣的组织或个人可以到一般会员网站上填写会员申请表。

你们的行动纲领是什么?

我们需要最大程度地进行外展活动,所以我们需要在该地区进行更多合作交流。我也希望看到 ICANN 高管团队更多地访问该地区,并举办更多 ICANN 赞助的区域活动。

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    Domain Name System
    Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."