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A guide to ICANN’s intersessional work

Yesterday, we published a “San Juan to Los Angeles” newsletter to all those subscribed to ICANN meetings updates (you can subscribe here), covering ICANN “intersessional” work i.e. the flow of work between main ICANN meetings – in this case between San Juan in June, and Los Angeles, running from 29 October to 2 November.

You can read the newsletter in full here.

The intent of this publication is to keep people up-to-date on what is going on within ICANN and the ICANN community, split up according to topic and linking directly through to more extensive resources such as reports, webpages or audio files. It is hoped that this newsletter will, in part, deal with the concerns that many in the community have already raised in our online information survey, where the top two answers to the question “What would you like to see ICANN provide more information on?” were “Policy decisions” – chosen by 83 percent of you – and “ICANN processes”, chosen by 77 percent.

That survey is still open and we urge everyone to take part. It takes less than five minutes to complete. We would also like to encourage people to provide feedback on this newsletter by posting a comment below. Is it too long? Does it go into too much or too little depth? Is splitting it up by topic the right approach? Should there be a number of different newsletters or just one?

It takes a considerable amount of time to compile the information provided but ICANN is more than happy to invest that time if it is felt to be worthwhile by the community. Equally, if you have other suggestions for how to explain ICANN’s policy decisions and processes in a clearer fashion, please note them below.


    Domain Name System
    Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."