Our Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with the Korea Internet & Security Agency (KISA) established the ICANN Seoul Office, including the secondment of staff from KISA to ICANN. I would like to announce that Mr. Billy Cheon will replace In-Pyo Hwang as Head of Korea; and Ms. Minjung Park will replace Kang Soo Song as Global Stakeholder Engagement Manager for Korea.
I would like to thank In-Pyo and Kang Soo for their contributions to ICANN, particularly for enhancing the cooperation between KISA and ICANN. A key deliverable in the past year was the inaugural Asia Pacific Internet Governance Academy in Seoul last August. This initiative helped to build the capacity of future leaders from Korea and the region to participate in Internet governance conversations in ICANN and around the globe. We look forward to continuing this model for regional collaboration in 2017.
I wish In-Pyo and Kang Soo all the best in their future endeavors as they return to KISA and serve in their respective new roles.
Billy and Minjung are hardly new faces to the Asia Pacific Internet community. They have both been involved in ICANN and Internet governance-related work for over ten years. Let us welcome them warmly.
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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."