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Data protection privacy recap 750x425 17nov17 en
  • Transparency of Security Efforts in ICANN

    Security vulnerabilities in systems are an unfortunate fact of life. The Engineering and Information Technology team in the ICANN org is working hard on many fronts to protect and enhance the security of our systems. From time to time events occur that result in specific...
  • Chairman’s Blog: ICANN60 Meeting & Board Workshop

    Before I share my thoughts on the latest Board Workshop and some aspects of ICANN60, I want to take a moment to reflect. I am deeply honored to have been selected as the new Chair of the ICANN Board and do not take lightly the responsibilities concomitant with my new...
  • Community Onboarding Pilot Program ICANN60 Update

    ICANN60 marked the beginning of the second year of the ICANN Community Onboarding Pilot Program (COP). In our two pre-ICANN60 meetings with participants of the COP, we agreed to use our face-to-face meeting in Abu Dhabi to take stock of progress to date and to identify...
  • A Look Ahead to ICANN61 in Puerto Rico

    ICANN60 has been a successful and productive meeting by all accounts. As many of you know, this was our Annual General Meeting – it is our longest meeting of the year and focuses on outreach and engagement, in addition to the development of policy that is the hallmark of...
  • Recognizing Our Community

    Community-driven work is at the core of ICANN's mission. Countless hours are spent in working groups across our Supporting Organizations, Advisory Committees, and other groups, including the Nominating Committee. Together, these community groups develop and refine...
  • Board Member Integrity Screening

    I have no doubt that all of ICANN agrees that the ICANN community and the organization should expect Board members to hold themselves to the highest standards of integrity, and to uphold the reputation and credibility of the Board as a whole. To that end, I want to share...
  • How Will WE Deal with Confrontation?

    There are two common ways people react to confrontation. One way is taking a noble, ethical, or diplomatic course or response, especially in response to negativity or ill treatment – choosing the course of action which is the least likely to harm or upset other people....
  • Making Progress with the Arabic Script in Domain Names

    Members of the Task Force on Arabic Script Internationalized Domain Names (TF-AIDN) The TF-AIDN is a community-driven working group. It was formed by ICANN’s Middle East Strategy Working Group (MESWG) in 2013 to work on technical issues and solutions. The TF-AIDN...
  • Reputation Block Lists: Protecting Users Everywhere

    Cybercrime is a constant problem. What many Internet users don’t know is that the vast majority of users are being protected all the time by Reputation Block Lists (RBLs). RBLs are built into the Internet services we all use every day to keep harmful material out of your...
  • Co-Chairs Statement from CCWG-Accountability Meeting in Abu Dhabi

    On 27 October 2017, the Cross Community Working Group on Enhancing ICANN Accountability (CCWG-Accountability) held a face-to-face meeting in Abu Dhabi, UAE, to further discussions on Work Stream 2. 52 members and participants attended in-person, and many others joined the...
  • Top 10 Things You Didn’t Know About the UAE

    Nearly all of the water consumed in the UAE is desalinated sea water. Water is scarce – the UAE has no permanent rivers and very little fresh groundwater. Researchers are exploring alternative technologies, including the use of renewable energy. At the same time,...
  • Welcome to ICANN60!

    Welcome to ICANN60 – our Annual General Meeting. This is our first ICANN meeting in the Gulf Cooperation Council, and it will undoubtedly be a very busy one. It is my first time in Abu Dhabi and I am glad to be here. So much of our work is done over email, over the phone...
  • A Conversation with Ali AlMeshal

    Ali Almeshal has a background in IT, finance, and business. He has been involved in ICANN through the At-Large Advisory Committee (ALAC). ICANN60 is his 12th ICANN Public Meeting. He started his ICANN journey as a Fellow – at ICANN44 in Prague, ICANN45 in Toronto, and...
  • Chairman’s Blog: A Look at the Abu Dhabi Workshop

    As I mentioned in my last blogs on Montevideo, at the beginning of each ICANN meeting, the ICANN Board meets in a workshop format. During these workshops, the Board and ICANN’s executive team come together for in-depth consideration on a range of important and timely...
  • Welcome to ICANN60!

    Baher Esmat, ICANN’s VP, Stakeholder Engagement in the Middle East, welcomes you to Abu Dhabi, a city known for advancement of technology as much as for its architecture. In this video, he talks about some of the topics of the over 300 sessions scheduled at the ICANN60...
  • Update on the Root KSK Roll Project

    This post is the first in an ongoing series of updates on the status of the root KSK roll project. We intend to keep the community updated on our efforts to proceed with the rollover. On 27 September 2017, the ICANN org announced we were postponing the root zone KSK roll....
  • The History Project's New Track: ICANN's Earliest Days

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    Imagine taking a job at a startup… where you aren't paid for the first six months, and then on top of that, you have to help carry the financial burden of the organization on your own credit cards. That was precisely the situation that ICANN's first CEO found himself in...
  • DNSSEC Root Key Operations and the Infineon Smartcard Bug

    Thanks to the ever-vigilant eyes of one of our Trusted Community Representatives (TCRs), Olaf Kolkman, the recently discovered Infineon smartcard vulnerability1 was brought to the attention of the root key-signing key (KSK) operations team at ICANN. This bug, known as the...
  • Eastern Europe Cybersecurity Tour, Redux

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    From 9-15 October, I spent a busy week of Global Stakeholder Engagement (GSE) cybersecurity engagements in Budapest and Visegrád, Hungary and Minsk, Belarus. Gabriella Schittek and I met in Budapest with representatives of the Hírközlési Tudományos Egyesület (HTE), the...
  • About the Board

    As I prepare to leave the Board, I want to share a handful of thoughts and actions related to its operation, structure, and future challenges. Cherine Chalaby, our current Vice Chairman, has also written a blog on the Board's activities and priorities in the coming year....
  • About the FY18 Board Activities & Priorities

    As we head to attend ICANN60 in Abu Dhabi, I would like, on behalf of my colleagues, to share with you the ICANN Board's activities and priorities for FY18. Our current Chairman, Steve Crocker, has written a blog about recent changes to the Board's operations and...
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."