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Announcements

ICANN Calls for Full DNSSEC Deployment, Promotes Community Collaboration to Protect the Internet

LOS ANGELES – 21 February 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Cyrus Namazi Appointed to Senior Vice President of ICANN's Global Domains Division

LOS ANGELES – 21 February 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Proposal for Hebrew Script Root Zone Label Generation Rules

Open Date: 20 February 2019 Close Date: 18 April 2019
Originating Organization: Global...

Application Deadline Extended for ICANN and PTI Leadership Positions

LOS ANGELES – 19 February 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Alert Regarding Published Reports of Attacks on the Domain Name System

LOS ANGELES – 15 February 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

ICANN64 Prep Week

ICANN org is piloting a new initiative called Prep Week to consolidate all pre-ICANN Public...

Call for Expressions of Interest for Independent Financial Expert to ICANN Board Audit Committee

LOS ANGELES – 12 February 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

ICANN Announces Selected Participants For NextGen@ICANN65

LOS ANGELES – 8 February 2019 – Today, The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Maximal Starting Repertoire Version 4 (MSR-4) Released

LOS ANGELES – 7 February 2019 - The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (lCANN)...

Recommendations for Managing Internationalized Domain Name Variant Top-Level Domains Published

LOS ANGELES – 5 February 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (lCANN)...

ICANN Publishes the First Monthly Report on Generic Top-Level Domain Security Threats

LOS ANGELES – 4 February 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

ICANN's Security Stability and Resiliency (SSR) Team Responds to Public Input on Domain Abuse Activity Reporting (DAAR) Reviews

LOS ANGELES – 1 February 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

2021 ICANN Public Meeting – Annual General Meeting Location Announced

LOS ANGELES – 31 January 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

ICANN Releases its Third Report on Global Legislative and Regulatory Developments

31 January 2019 - The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) has released...

ICANN Draft FY20 Operating Plan and Budget and Five-Year Operating Plan Update - Correction

Originating Organization: ICANN Organization
Categories/Tags: Operations/Finance
Brief...

ICANN Board Reaffirms Temporary Specification for gTLD Registration Data

LOS ANGELES – 29 January 2019 – The Board of Directors of the Internet Corporation for Assigned...

Community Dialogues on Consumer Safeguards

LOS ANGELES – 28 January 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

ICANN Board Creates Working Group on Anti-Harassment

LOS ANGELES – 28 January 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

ICANN Publishes Documents Regarding the Implementation of the Procedure for Release of Two-Character Labels

LOS ANGELES - 22 January 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Opportunities to Participate: ICANN Reviews

LOS ANGELES – 22 January 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

The Middle East Domain Name System (DNS) Forum Returns to Dubai

Photo of ISTANBUL

ISTANBUL – 21 January 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Apply Now for ICANN and PTI Leadership Positions

LOS ANGELES – 17 January 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers'...

Initial Report on CSC Effectiveness

Open Date: 16 January 2019 Close Date: 25 February 2019
Originating Organization: ccNSO and...

Amendment to the IANA Naming Functions Contract, Annex A

Open Date: 7 January 2019 Close Date: 18 February 2019
Originating Organization: Global...

SSAC2 Review: Final Report Available

LOS ANGELES – 7 January 2019 – Analysis Group, the independent examiner performing the second...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."