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Announcements

Deadline Extended: ccNSO Review Survey Available for Community Input

Los Angeles – 19 December 2018 – The deadline to take the Country Code Names Supporting...

Proposed Changes to The Registrar Stakeholder Group (RrSG) Charter

Open Date: 18 December 2018 Close Date: 5 February 2019
Originating Organization: ICANN Board...

Updated Operating Standards for Specific Reviews

Open Date: 17 December 2018 Close Date: 11 February 2019
Originating Organization: ...

ICANN Draft FY20 Operating Plan and Budget and Five-Year Operating Plan Update

Open Date: 17 December 2018 Close Date: 08 February 2019
Originating Organization: ICANN...

Nomination Period Opens For ICANN Multistakeholder Ethos Award | Award Targeted for ICANN65 | Nominations Close 22 March 2019

Submit Nominations Via the Ethos Award Nomination Form

ICANN is pleased to announce the opening...

Technical Study Group on Access to Non-Public Registration Data Begins Work

LOS ANGELES – 14 December 2018 -- The Technical Study Group on Access to Non-Public Registration...

NextGen@ICANN Application Round for ICANN65 Is Now Open

Photo of Marrakech

LOS ANGELES – 10 December 2018 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and...

IANA Functions Customer Survey Results Available

Los Angeles – 6 December 2018 – Today, the Internet Corporation of Assigned Names and Numbers...

Work Track 5 on Geographic Names at the Top Level - Supplemental Initial Report of the New gTLD Subsequent Procedures Policy Development Process

Open Date: 5 December 2018 Close Date: 22 January 2019
Originating Organization: GNSO
...

ICANN’s Report on the Five Years of the LAC Strategy Highlight Increased Regional Engagement

MONTEVIDEO, Uruguay – 4 December 2018 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and...

ICANN Opportunities to Participate: Reviews

LOS ANGELES – 4 December 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

ICANN Announces Extension of the Public Comment for the CCT Final Report

LOS ANGELES – 29 November 2018 – The deadline to submit comments on the Final Report [PDF, 4.89...

ICANN Publishes ICANN63 By the Numbers Report

LOS ANGELES – 28 November 2018 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

ccNSO Review Survey Available for Community Input

Los Angeles – 27 November 2018 – Meridian Institute, the independent examiner conducting the...

Two-Week Extension for the Public Comment Period on the Initial Report of the New gTLD Auction Proceeds Cross-Community Working Group

LOS ANGELES – 27 November 2018 – In order to ensure the community has sufficient time to respond,...

Maximal Starting Repertoire Version 4 (MSR-4) for Root Zone Label Generation Rules (RZ-LGR)

Open Date: 26 November 2018 Close Date: 10 January 2019
Originating Organization: Global...

Initial Report of the Expedited Policy Development Process (EPDP) on the Temporary Specification for gTLD Registration Data Team

Open Date: 21 November 2018 Close Date: 21 December 2018
Originating Organization: GNSO
...

Proposed Consensus Policy on Protections for Certain Red Cross and Red Crescent Names in All Generic Top-Level Domains

Open Date: 21 November 2018 Close Date: 14 December 2018
Originating Organization: GNSO
...

Fellowship Program Post-Meeting Report Now Available

LOS ANGELES – 20 November 2018 – The inaugural Fellowship Program Post-Meeting Report from...

The Eastern European DNS Forum Comes to Moscow

BRUSSELS – 19 November 2018 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Application for New Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (UDRP) Dispute-Resolution Service Provider

Open Date: 16 November 2018 Close Date: 4 January 2019
Originating Organization: Global...

ICANN65 Fellowship Application Round Now Open

LOS ANGELES – 14 November 2018 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Policy Status Report: Inter-Registrar Transfer Policy (IRTP)

Open Date: 14 November 2018 Close Date: 24 December 2018
Originating Organization: ICANN...

ICANN Opportunities to Participate: Reviews

LOS ANGELES – 13 November 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Successful Candidates Announced for ICANN64 Fellowship

LOS ANGELES – 12 November 2018 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."