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Announcements

Registrar Advisory Concerning Registration Transfers Within the Auto-Renew Grace Period

The purpose of this advisory is to assist ICANN-accredited registrars in understanding the...

Lynn to Retire in 2003; McLaughlin to Go Half-Time

Marina del Rey, California USA (27 May 2002) ICANN President and CEO Stuart Lynn has announced...

Registrar Advisory Concerning Whois Data Accuracy

The purpose of this advisory is to assist ICANN-accredited registrars in understanding their...

ICANN Signs .pro Registry Agreement | The first secure Internet domain exclusively for professionals

Marina del Rey, California USA (8 May 2002) The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and...

Dates of Shanghai Meeting Changed to 27-31 October 2002

There has been a change of dates for the ICANN meeting to be held in Shanghai this October. The...

At-Large List Names Sought; ALSC Forum Operation Extended

ICANN would like to thank everyone for the useful dialogue concerning the ALSC forum. While the...

ICANN Board Accepts Contributions to Facilitate At-Large Organizing Efforts

On April 22, 2002, ICANN's Board approved a resolution via teleconference authorizing the...

Schedule and Fee for .org Request for Proposals

Marina del Rey, California, USA (22 April 2002) – At its meeting today, the ICANN Board...

ICANN Answers Auerbach's Allegations

As previously reported, ICANN Director Karl Auerbach has sued ICANN in state court in Los...

ICANN Announces Membership of Security Committee

At its November 2001 meeting, the ICANN Board directed the ICANN President to appoint a...

Statement Concerning Draft RIR-ICANN Agreement

For quite some time, the managements of ICANN and the Regional Internet Registries (APNIC, ARIN,...

Advisory Concerning Deceptive Notices from "Change Dispute Resolution"

Summary. ICANN has recently received many reports of domain-name registrants receiving "Domain...

Committee on ICANN Evolution and Reform Seeks Public Submissions

The Committee on ICANN Evolution and Reform welcomes public input from all interested persons or...

ICANN: Auerbach's Allegations Off Target

Marina del Rey, California, USA (19 March 2002) - ICANN Board Director Karl Auerbach's...

October 2002 ICANN Meeting to Be Held in Shanghai

Shanghai has been selected at the site for the October 2002 meeting of the Internet Corporation...

Agreement for .jp ccTLD Completed

Marina del Rey, California, USA (28 February 2002) -- The Internet Corporation for Assigned...

Statement Concerning Schedule and Process for Consideration of Restructuring Proposal

To the ICANN community:

In response to my proposal that was discussed at the ICANN Board Retreat...

ICANN President Recommends a Roadmap for Reform

Marina del Rey, California USA (24 February 2002) At the ICANN Board of Directors retreat held...

Update on ASO General Assembly – 5 March 2002

The 3rd ASO General Assembly meeting will be held on Tuesday, 5 March 2002 at the Queen Sirikit...

June 2002 ICANN Meeting to Be Held in Bucharest

Bucharest, Romania, has been selected at the site for the June 2002 regular meeting of the...

Registrar Advisory Concerning Inappropriate Lending of Registry Access

Based on recent communications with registrars, it has become apparent that some...

ICANN Appoints Security Committee Chair

Marina del Rey, California, USA (11 February 2002) - The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names...

Update on ICANN Meetings in Accra, Ghana - 10-14 March 2002 - Pre-Registration and Agenda

As previously announced, ICANN's next round of meetings will be held 10-14 March 2002 in Accra,...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."