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Announcements

Root Server System Advisory Committee Establishes E-Mail Address for Comments

The ICANN Root Server System Advisory Committee (RSSAC) is responsible for advising the Board...

Pre-Registration Open for ICANN 2002 Annual Meeting in Amsterdam

Pre-registration is now open for ICANN's 2002 Annual Meeting, to be held on 14 and 15 December...

Proposed ICANN-PIR .org Registry Agreement Posted

(24 October 2002) – On 14 October 2002, the ICANN Board authorized the ICANN President and...

DNSO Transfers and Whois Task Forces Post Interim Reports; Comments Invited

The DNSO Names Council Transfers and Whois Task Forces have posted Interim Reports and invited...

ICANN Board Selects New .org Registry Operator

Marina del Rey, California USA (14 October 2002)– The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names...

Seventh Update on .org Reassignment Process

This is an update on the status of the evaluation of the eleven applications ICANN received from...

ICANN and US Commerce Department Extend Agreement Through September 2003

Marina del Rey, California USA (20 September 2002)– The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names...

June 2003 ICANN Meeting to Be Held in Montreal, Canada

Montreal, Canada has been selected at the site for the June 2003 meeting of the Internet...

Sixth Update on .org Reassignment Process

This is an update on the status of the evaluation of the eleven applications ICANN received from...

Fifth Update on .org Reassignment Process

This is an update on the status of the evaluation of the eleven applications ICANN received from...

Fourth Update on .org Reassignment Process

This is an update on the status of the evaluation of the eleven applications ICANN received from...

Steps to Improve Whois Data Accuracy

Marina del Rey, California USA (3 September 2002)– ICANN today announced additional steps to...

Third Update on .org Reassignment Process

This is an update on the status of the evaluation of the eleven applications ICANN received from...

Preliminary Report to ICANN Board: ISOC to Run .org?

Marina del Rey, California USA (19 August 2002) Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned...

Advisory: Documents Provided to Karl Auerbach

Marina del Rey, California, USA (4 August 2002) -- The litigation between ICANN and one of its...

Second Update on .org Reassignment Process

This is an update on the status of the evaluation of the eleven applications ICANN received from...

Call for Proposals to Host 2003 ICANN Meetings

ICANN is actively soliciting proposals from organizations seeking to host the three ICANN...

Advisory: Court Ruling in Auerbach v. ICANN Lawsuit

Marina del Rey, California, USA (29 July 2002) -- At a hearing today, Los Angeles Superior Court...

ICANN-Accredited Registrars Formally Approve ICANN Registrar Fees for 2002-2003

Twenty-eight accredited registrars, responsible for over 75% of registrar fees, have expressly...

Update on .org Reassignment Process

As previously reported, ICANN received eleven applications from entities seeking to become the...

Advisory Concerning Changed Visa Requirements in Romania | (Applies to Attendees from Countries Without Romanian Embassies/Consulates)

ICANN has been informed by the Bucharest local host that the process in place to have visas...

Revised Schedule for Bucharest Meetings

The schedule for the Public Forum to be held during the 24-28 June 2002 ICANN meetings in...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."