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Announcements

Third Advisory Concerning Register.com v. Verio Litigation

As previously reported in advisories dated 24 September 2000 and 26 December 2000, on 3 August...

ICANN Launches At Large Membership Study — Carl Bildt to Chair Study Committee

26 January 2001 (Marina del Rey, CA, USA) - The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and...

ICANN Elects Dr. M. Stuart Lynn as New President and CEO

January 23, 2001 (Marina del Rey, California, USA) - The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names...

ASO General Assembly for 2001 and Call for ICANN Board Nominations

(corrected 4 January 2001)

January 3, 2001 - The Address Council of the Address Supporting...

Second Advisory Concerning Register.com v. Verio Litigation

(26 December 2000) As previously reported in an advisory dated 24 September 2000, on 3 August...

ICANN's Names Council Renews Call for Wide Consultation on Consensus Building

December 21, 2000 - To get additional input into a review of its own consensus-building...

ICANN Announces Selections for New Top-Level Domains

Marina del Rey, CA (November 16, 2000) — The board of directors of the Internet Corporation for...

Second Advisory Concerning ESI Litigation

(13 November 2000) In a 10 November 2000 Advisory, ICANN reported that Economic Solutions, Inc....

Advisory Concerning ESI Litigation

(10 November 2000) On the morning of 9 November 2000, Economic Solutions, Inc. ("ESI") filed a...

ICANN Releases Report of Independent Auditors

(10 November 2000) Marina del Rey, CA. ICANN today released the report of its independent...

New Accredited Registrars Announced

(November 10, 2000) The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) announced...

Update on ICANN Meetings in Marina Del Rey (13-16 November)

Hi! This email is an update on the ICANN meetings next week in Marina del Rey, California. The...

TLD Application Review Update: Staff Report to Be Posted 9 November 2000; Constituency Comments Posted

The evaluation team is nearing completion of its evaluation of the 44 active applications for...

Advisory Concerning Regland Litigation

ICANN has seen reports that Regland, Inc. has filed a lawsuit against ICANN in state court in...

Internationalized Domain Names: Workshop Announcement and Verisign Testbed

Workshop at ICANN Annual Meeting (13 November)

For several months, a working group of the...

TLD Application Review Update

On Monday, 2 October 2000 the application period for those seeking to sponsor or operate new...

ICANN Announces Names of Directors to Serve Extended Term

Marina del Rey, California, USA (27 October 2000) - The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names...

TLD Application Review Update

On Monday, 2 October 2000 the application period for those seeking to sponsor or operate new...

TLD Application Review Update

  • On Monday, 2 October 2000 the application period for those seeking to sponsor or operate new...

TLD Application Review Update

  • On Monday, 2 October 2000 the application period for those seeking to sponsor or operate new...

ICANN Update - Names Council Warns Pre-Registration of Speculative New Domain Names Is Premature

September 29, 2000 -- Commenting on the process for establishing new top-level domain names...

Recent ICANN Postings: November 2000 Annual Meeting; election.com to Conduct Al-Large Vote; ICANN Seeking Administrative Assistant and Second Registrar Liaison

DETAILS FOR NOVEMBER 2000 ANNUAL MEETING

ICANN has posted details for its second annual meeting,...

Advisory Concerning Register.com v. Verio Litigation

(24 September 2000) On 3 August 2000 Register.com, Inc. (an accredited registrar) filed a lawsuit...

UPDATE: Nominations Period Ends; Voter Education/Dialogue Begins

The At Large nominations period has concluded, and ICANN's At Large membership process now moves...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."