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Announcements

Advisory Concerning Afternic Litigation

Overview

On June 8, 2000, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) was...

ICANN Posts Materials for Yokohama Meeting

ICANN has posted materials for public comment in connection with the July 13-17 meeting in...

Update on ICANN Meetings in Yokohama (13-17 July)

This email is an update on plans for the July ICANN meetings in Yokohama, Japan. For regularly...

Comments due by June 1 on ICANN Budget for FY00-01

(May 24, 2000 - Marina del Rey, California, USA) -- A proposed ICANN budget for FY00-01,...

At Large Election: Update 1.1

Two important documents relating to ICANN's At Large Membership election process have been...

ICANN Announces CPR Institute as New Dispute Resolution Provider

(May 15, 2000 - Marina del Rey, California, USA) -- The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names...

New Accredited Registrars Announced; Public Comments Invited on Proposed ICANN 2000-2001 Budget

New Accredited Registrars Announced

(May 11, 2000) The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names...

ICANN Creates At Large Election and Nominating Committees

(May 9, 2000) The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) today announced...

ICANN Launches CEO Search, Retains Christopher Mill to Assist

(distributed 4 May 2000)

(May 3, 2000) The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

ICANN - Yokohama Meetings, 14-17 July 2000

ICANN's next round of meetings will be held 14-17 July, in Yokohama, Japan. These meetings will...

Public Comments on New gTLDs/Famous Names Invited

For the last nine months, Working Groups B (famous names) and C (new gTLDs) of the ICANN Domain...

Press Communiqué: ICANN Launches Membership Web Site for Individual Internet Users

Marina del Rey, CA, USA (25 February 2000) The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and...

ASO General Assembly for 2000 and Call for ICANN Board Nominations

The Address Council of the Address Supporting Organisation is pleased to announce the first ASO...

ICANN Begins Posting Issue Papers for Cairo Meeting

The next ICANN meeting is scheduled for March 7-10, 2000, in Cairo, Egypt. In advance of that...

ICANN Public Forum for Ad Hoc Group on Numbering and Addressing

In response to requests from a number of interested companies and individuals, ICANN has created...

ICANN ASO - Website and Discussion Lists

This is an announcement to all parties with interests in management of Internet Address space...

Update on ICANN Cairo Meetings & Call for Sponsors

On behalf of the local organizing committee, I would like to extend a warm welcome to all who...

Press Communiqué: ICANN Accredits Twelve New Domain Name Registrars

(January 25, 2000) The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) announced...

Comment Concerning Trailing-Hyphen Domain Names

Since the implementation of the Internet domain-name system in the 1980s, the specifications...

Press Communiqué: ICANN Accredits Ten New Domain Name Registrars

(December 21, 1999) The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) announced...

Press Communique: ICANN Accredits Eleven New Domain Name Registrars

(October 26, 1999) The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) announced...

Press Release: ICANN Board Appoints Louis Touton Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary

Marina del Rey, CA (October 19, 1999) - The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Press Communique: ICANN Names Seven New Post-Testbed Registrars

(August 11, 1999) The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) announced...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."