Skip to main content

Announcements

ICANN Creates Area on Universal Acceptance of TLDs

ICANN Creates Area on Universal Acceptance of TLDs In order for the full resources of the...

ICANN Posts Draft of Final Version of Strategic Plan

Updated 25 March 2006

Development of the July 2006 to June 2009 strategic plan began at the...

Public Comment Period for Terms of Reference for New PDP extended to 30 April

Updated 06 March 2006 announcement

On 2 March 2006, the GNSO Council resolved to launch a...

ICANN Announces Timeline for Development of a Project for the Technical Test of Internationalized Top Level Labels

The Technical Test Program has not yet been released for public commentary. A new timeline will...

ICANN Announces Public Comment Period for Terms of Reference for New PDP

On 2 March 2006, the GNSO Council resolved to launch a policy development process (PDP) on ...

ICANN appoints London School of Economics to conduct independent review of GNSO

Brussels, 28 February 2006: An expert team of researchers from the Public Policy Group of the...

ICANN Board Approves VeriSign Settlement Agreements

Marina del Rey, California, 28 February 2006: Today, ICANN's Board of Directors approved, by a...

IDN Guidelines Update and Posting of Version 2.1

The ICANN Board resolution of 8 November 2005 endorsing the v.2.0 Guidelines "tasks the IDN...

ICANN Announces New Staff Appointments

ICANN is pleased to announce the following new staff appointments joining the Global...

ICANN Posts Revised Settlement Agreement

ICANN today posted a newly revised proposed set of agreements which, if approved, will settle...

Job Description: Chair, Technical Panel on New Registry Services

The process for approval of new registry services as approved as a consensus policy by the...

Nomination for Chair of the Technical Panel on New Registry Services

ICANN is pleased to announce the nomination of Lyman Chapin as the Chair of the Technical...

GNSO Council Report to the ICANN Board

ICANN is posting - for information - the GNSO report to the ICANN Board (PDF) on the GNSO's...

Preliminary Task Force Report on the Purpose of Whois and of the Whois Contacts

The "Preliminary Task Force Report on the Purpose of Whois and of the Whois Contacts" has been...

Call for papers -- Policy Development for introduction of new gTLDs

The GNSO Council has voted to launch a Policy Development Process on new gTLDs and to establish...

ICANN Opens Public Comments on ccNSO Recommendations for Proposed Bylaws Changes

Introduction:

On 26 June 2003, the ICANN Board at its public meeting in Montreal, Canada,...

ICANN Posts .aero, .coop, and .museum Renewal Proposals for Public Comment

ICANN is posting for public comment Renewal Proposals submitted by the current .aero, .coop,...

Request for Proposals for Independent Evaluator for GNSO Review

(revised 19 December 2005)

1. Introduction

1.1. This document should be read in conjunction...

Paul Twomey's Presentation on the Proposed Verisign Settlement | Vancouver Meeting, ICANN Public Forum, Part 1

On 02 December 2005, Paul Twomey, CEO of ICANN, gave a presentation concerning the Proposed...

Public Comment Forum for Terms of Reference for New gTLDs

Updated 22 December 2005

The ICANN bylaws require a public comment period of 20 days following...

Next Steps on Proposed .com Settlement

On 24 October 2005, ICANN announced proposed settlement terms between ICANN and VeriSign,...

ICANN Lawsuit Update: Judge Rules in ICANN's Favor and Denies Application for Temporary Restraining Order

A US Federal Judge has ruled in ICANN's favor and denied an application for a Temporary...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."