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Announcements

ASO MoU Signed

Marina del Rey – ICANN is pleased to announce the signing of a formal agreement between the...

Universal Acceptance of all gTLD Names

Some TLD names (strings) are rejected by some service providers or applications because the...

AfriNIC Moves Forward and Promotes Regional Integration

Marina del Ray, Calif. (Oct. 14, 2004) – The African Network Information Center (AfriNIC) has...

Nominating Committee Announces Final Selections For Key Leadership Positions within ICANN

After an intense period of outreach, consultation, recruitment, and evaluation, the Nominating...

Nominating Committee Announces Final Selections For Key Leadership Positions within ICANN

After an intense period of outreach, consultation, recruitment, and evaluation, the Nominating...

Update: ICANN Preparing .NET Redelegation RFP

The current Registry Agreement between ICANN and VeriSign, Inc. which was signed in May 2001...

Advisory: Registrar Expired Name Market Developments

ICANN has issued this advisory to make the community aware of certain changes in the...

Update: Implementation of New Consensus Policies Applicable to gTLD Registrars

This announcement is an update concerning the implementation of four new "Consensus Policies"...

ASO Community Considering Global IANA to RIR IPv6 Address Allocation Policy

Through the Regional Internet number Registry public policy forums, the ASO community is...

ICANN Publishes Comprehensive Evaluation of the Introduction of the .aero, .biz, .coop, .info, .museum, .name and .pro gTLDs

Evaluation of the New gTLDs:
Policy and Legal Issues

Prepared for the
Internet Corporation for...

Reminder/Notice: Effective Dates for New Consensus Policies

This announcement serves as a notice and reminder regarding the effective dates and details of...

GNSO Finalized Criteria Recommendation for Designation of Subsequent .net Registry Operator

The GNSO has finalized its recommendation to ICANN regarding the criteria to be applied in the...

ICANN Launches New Initiatives to Steward a Stable Global Internet

Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (23 July 2004) – ICANN wrapped up its week-long meetings in KL during...

Next-generation IPv6 Address Added to the Internet's Root DNS Zone

Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (20 July 2004) – ICANN announced today that for the first time, an IPv6...

ICANN Statement: ICANN Has Successfully Completed All Its Objectives under the MOU to Date

Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (19 July 2004) – ICANN, the global public-benefit non-profit organisation...

ICANN Nominating Committee Issues Formal Call for Recommendations and Statements of Interest

The ICANN Nominating Committee invites Recommendations and Statements of Interest from the...

Final Procedure for Designating Subsequent .net Registry Operator

Introduction

The following outlines the final procedure to be followed for the designation of a...

Final Public Comment Period begins on Draft Criteria for .net

The GNSO has continued the work to provide the ICANN Board with guidance on the criteria for...

Draft Procedure for Designating Subsequent .net Registry Operator

Introduction

The following outlines the draft procedure to be followed for the designation of a...

First Public Comment Period begins on Draft Criteria for .net

The GNSO has completed initial work to provide the ICANN Board with guidance on the criteria...

ICANN publishes criteria for selecting independent evaluators of sTLD proposals.

6 May 2004


ICANN is selecting a team of outside technical, business/financial and legal...

Public Comment period for sTLD applications has been extended

ICANN has extended its Public Comment period for all of the new sTLD applications until 23.59...

ICANN Issues Call for Transfer Dispute Resolution Service Providers

ICANN is seeking expressions of interest from dispute resolution service providers wishing to...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."