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Announcements

Request for Comments Regarding ICANN's Website

As part of an ongoing commitment to improve transparency and promote the ease of access of...

Announcement

To the ICANN Secretary,

At its 26 June 2003 ICANN Board meeting, the Board adopted bylaw...

ccNSO Launching Group - Call for Expressions of Interest

Updated 17 December 2003

At the 26 June 2003 ICANN Board adopted the amendments to the bylaws...

Deployment of Internationalized Domain Names

Marina del Rey, California, USA (20 June 2003)– ICANN today announced the commencement of global...

Management Positions Posted

Marina del Rey, California, USA (19 June 2003)– Today, ICANN posted advertisements for three key...

Nominating Committee Announces Nominees to Be Seated at Montréal Meeting

Marina del Rey, California, USA (16 June 2003)– After an intense period of outreach,...

Whois Data Reminder Policy Posted

Today, ICANN posted the Whois Data Reminder Policy (WDRP). This policy, which was developed as a...

ICANN Announces Whois Workshop Planning Committee for Montréal

Marina del Rey, California USA (5 June 2003): ICANN President and CEO Paul Twomey today...

Additional Details on June 2003 ICANN Meeting to Be Held in Montréal, Canada

ICANN's next round of meetings will be held in 22-26 June 2003 in Montréal, Canada. The meetings...

Louis Touton to Conclude Service to ICANN

Marina del Rey, California USA (22 May 2003)– Louis Touton announced today that he will leave...

Tina Dam and Karen Lentz Join ICANN as Chief gTLD Registry Liaison and gTLD Registry Liaison

ICANN is pleased to announce that Tina Dam and Karen Lentz have joined ICANN as Chief gTLD...

Details on June 2003 ICANN Meeting to Be Held in Montréal, Canada

ICANN's next round of meetings will be held in 22-26 June 2003 in Montréal, Canada. The meetings...

ICANN Posts Report for First Quarter of 2003

Marina del Rey, California, USA (14 April 2003)– In the first quarter of 2003, the Internet...

ICANN Nominating Committee Posts Its Operating Procedures

The ICANN Nominating Committee (NomCom) has posted the procedures it will be using in its work...

Registrar Advisory Concerning the "15-day Period" in Whois Accuracy Requirements

The purpose of this advisory is to assist ICANN-accredited registrars in understanding what has...

ICANN Nominating Committee Announces Work Plan

Message from the Nominating Committee:

Greetings from the ICANN Nominating Committee. All but...

ICANN Announces Dr. Paul Twomey as New President/CEO | Twomey is first non-US citizen to head ICANN

Marina del Rey, California USA (19 March 2003) Australian Dr. Paul Twomey has been appointed by...

Rio de Janeiro Meeting Proceeding as Scheduled

To the ICANN Community:

On March 8 ICANN requested feedback from the community regarding whether...

Community Input Invited Concerning Rio de Janeiro Meeting

To the ICANN Community:

Some of you have enquired whether the upcoming ICANN meeting in Rio de...

Call for Suggestions for ccTLD Delegates to Nominating Committee

To the ccTLD community:

ICANN's reform process has resulted in adoption of a Nominating...

ICANN Meetings in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil – 23-27 March 2003

ICANN's next round of meetings will be held 23-27 March 2003, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The...

Registry Monthly Reports Now Available on ICANN Website

Under its agreements with operators and sponsors of generic top-level domains (.aero, .biz,...

At-Large Advisory Committee Announces Delegates to ICANN's Nominating Committee, Appointments to ALAC Posts

(Revised 12 March 2003)

Marina del Rey, California, USA (19 February 2003; revised 12 March...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."