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Announcements

ICANN Posts Issues Paper for the July 2008 - June 2011 Strategic Plan

Today ICANN posted the Issues Paper summarizing comments received during the initial phase of...

ICANN Completes Renewal of Registry Services Technical Evaluation Panel

ICANN is pleased to announce that 23 members of the Registry Services Technical Evaluation...

ICANN Solicits Candidates to Develop Request for Proposals for New gTLDs

ICANN is posting this statement of work as part of its anticipated program for delegation of...

Updated Proposed .MUSEUM sTLD Registry Agreement Posted for Public Comment

An updated version of the proposed .MUSEUM sponsorship agreement is posted today for public...

Partnership to Help Develop Arabic Domain Names | ICANN, UN Economic and Social Commission of Western Asia agree to work together

MARINA DEL REY, Calf.: The development of Internationalized Domain Names (IDNs) in Arabic will...

Clarification Regarding .KP Country Code Top-Level Domain

MARINA DEL REY, Calif.: A number of incorrect media reports are circulating that the Internet...

Paris Chosen as Site of ICANN’s 32nd Public Meeting | France will host world Internet community 22-27 June 2008

MARINA DEL REY, Calif.: Paris, France will host the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and...

ICANN Launches Latest Consultation on New Top-Level Domains | Public, stakeholder comments sought on proposals for new top-level domain process

MARINA DEL REY, Calif.: The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is...

Request for Information on Domain Tasting

In view of the increase in domain tasting, the GNSO Council recently considered an Issues...

Public Input Made Easier With One-Stop Comment Page | New webpage is a further step in accountability and transparency at ICANN

MARINA DEL REY, Calif.: The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is...

Procedures for IDN TLD Evaluation Deployment in the Root Zone

ICANN has finalized the procedures describing how IANA will manage the insertion, administration...

New Monthly Magazine Provides the Inside Scoop on ICANN | All the latest news and developments in your inbox

MARINA DEL REY, Calif.: ICANN today launched a new magazine that will provide all the latest...

Fellowships to Ensure Global Voices Heard at ICANN | Program builds on the successful pilot program run at San Juan meeting

MARINA DEL REY, Calif.: More voices from across the globe will be heard at ICANN's 30th...

SSAC Response to ICANN's Proposed Next Steps for IDN Deployment in the Root Zone

The statement is published on the SSAC website at ...

ICANN Starts Consultation on How to Protect Registrants | Public, stakeholder comments sought on changes to Registrar Accreditation Agreement

MARINA DEL REY, Calif.: Increased protection for those registering domain names is ICANN’s goal...

North American At-Large Community MoU with ICANN Open for Public Comment

The North American region of At-Large has reached a consensus on the contents of a Memorandum...

ccNSO-GAC Issues Report on IDN Policy Issues

At the San Juan ICANN meeting, the ccNSO and GAC joint IDN working group finalized an issues...

Domain Name Registration Transaction Fee Drops Again | Accredited Registrars approve second fee reduction in a row

MARINA DEL REY, Calif.: Registrars and ICANN have negotiated a reduction in the transaction...

ICANN Posts Approved Version of the Proposed Fiscal Year 2008 Budget

Today, the ICANN Board approved the as-amended, proposed Fiscal Year 2008 Budget [PDF, 429K],...

Proposed .NAME Renewal Registry Agreement Posted for Public Comment

The proposed .NAME renewal registry agreement is posted for public comment and can be viewed at...

IANA Wants Public Input on New Website | Redesign goal to make information easier to find

SAN JUAN, Puerto Rico: The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) has debuted a beta...

ICANN Commences Development of July 2008 - June 2011 Strategic Plan

In accordance with its annual planning calendar, ICANN is seeking community input on key...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."