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Announcements

Appointment of Chief Operating Officer

ICANN is pleased to advise that after an extensive executive search, Doug Brent has been...

ICANN Publishes Revision to Proposed ICM (.XXX) Registry Agreement for Public Comment

Consistent with the direction given by the ICANN Board as described in the Preliminary Report of...

ICANN Announces Plans for Conclusion of sTLD Application Process

As ICANN looks toward completion of the process for consideration of the proposed sTLD strings...

Update on the 2007 Nom Com Meeting in São Paulo, Brazil

The 2007 ICANN Nominating Committee (NomCom) has been convened and met for the first time on 8-9...

ICANN Formalizes Relationship with ccTLD Manager for Finland

ICANN has announced today that it has signed an exchange of letters with the country code top...

Reminder of Request for Comments on ICANN Accountability and Transparency Management Operating Principles

On 16 October ICANN posted an announcement seeking community input on the development of...

ICANN Seeks Public Comments on Proposed Terms of Reference for Independent Review of the Nominating Committee

ICANN is seeking public comments on proposed Terms of Reference, which detail questions that...

CFIT's Complaint Dismissed For A Second Time

Last Friday, 8 December 2006, United States' Federal District Court Judge Ronald M. Whyte...

ICANN Concludes 27th International Public Meeting in São Paulo with Action on Registry Agreements, Approval of Strategic Plan and Further Progress on IDN’s

São Paulo, Brazil, 8 December 2006: Over 720 delegates from 90 countries gathered in São Paulo,...

ICANN and DotAsia Organization Sign .ASIA Registry Agreement

ICANN and DotAsia Organization, the sponsoring organization for the .ASIA top-level domain,...

New At-Large Mailing Lists Go Live

In order to facilitate more engagement between all parts of the At-Large Community worldwide,...

RSTEP Report on GNR Proposal Posted for Public Comment

On 20 October 2006, ICANN referred the Global Name Registry proposal for the limited release of...

Comment Sought on DNS Root Zone Glue Policy

The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA), a function performed by ICANN in accordance with...

Discussion Paper on Retiring Country Code Top-Level Domains

The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA), a function performed by ICANN in accordance with...

IDN Laboratory Test Design Plans

The comment period ends on 19 December 2006 at 12:00 UTC.

Following the engagement of Autonomica...

Latin America and Caribbean Sign Historic Internet Agreement with ICANN

São Paulo, Brasil, 5 December 2006: ICANN today signed a historic agreement with Latin American...

ICANN Formalizes Relationship with ccTLD Manager for Panama

ICANN has announced today that it has signed an accountability framework with the country code...

Latin America and Caribbean Internet User Groups Finalize MOU to Create Regional At-Large Organization

The Latin American and Caribbean ("LAC") region of At Large has reached a consensus on the...

Notice: Temporary Retraction of TLD Verification Tool

ICANN is removing from circulation the TLD verification code posted on 3 December 2006. Certain...

The Internet Pavilion: Where Participation Makes the Difference

HONG KONG - 4 December 2006 - The Internet community organisations that enable the processes for...

DRAFT Procedure for Potential Conflicts between Whois Requirements and Privacy Laws

ICANN is launching a public comments period on the Procedure for Dealing with Potential...

ICANN Releases Beta TLD Verification Tool

Today ICANN released a beta version Top-Level Domain (TLD) Verification Tool. This verification...

Second Annual Report for the Office of the Ombudsman

São Paulo, ICANN Ombudsman, Frank Fowlie, has posted the Second Annual Report for the Office of...

ICANN Formalizes Relationship with ccTLD Managers for Czech Republic and Kazakhstan

ICANN has announced today that it has signed accountability frameworks with the country code top...

President's Strategy Committee Releases Draft Recommendations for Community Consideration and Announces Process for Further Consultations

ICANN's President's Strategy Committee was established in December 2005 to provide observations...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."