Skip to main content

Announcements

ICANN Nominating Committee for 2006 Completes Selections

The ICANN Nominating Committee for 2006 has completed its selections:

The Nominees

ICANN Board...

Workshop Report — Towards a Multilingual Global Internet: Avoiding the Risk of Fragmentation

1. Title: Towards a Multilingual Global Internet: Avoiding the Risk of Fragmentation, Athens, 31...

ICANN Launches Weekly Newsletter Service

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) has launched a weekly newsletter...

Internationalised Domain Names Roadmap — Progress and Future

ICANN today announced a clear roadmap for the introduction of Internationalised Domain Names...

IDNA Protocol Review and Proposals for Changes

In follow up to the RFC4690 that was made available in September and announced on ...

Chairman Vint Cerf's Opening Remarks at Internet Governance Forum, Athens, Greece 30 October - 2 November 2006

Governance of the Internet: The Tasks Ahead

Vint Cerf
Chairman, ICANN

October 30, 2006
Internet...

Greek and Egyptian Governments Applaud ICANN's Move Toward Autonomy

Speaking at the opening of the inaugural Internet Governance Forum held in Athens today, the...

ICANN at the Internet Governance Forum, Athens, Greece, 30 October - 2 November 2006

ICANN is co-hosting two workshops that will run in parallel to the IGF main sessions.

...

Clarification of Consultation Process for the Development of Transparency and Accountability Management Operating Principles

The consultation process posted on 16 October 2006 has a number of phases.

The first part of the...

Revised .BIZ, .INFO AND .ORG Registry Agreements Posted for Public Comment

On 18 October 2006, ICANN's Board adopted the following resolution concerning the proposed .BIZ,...

ICANN Opens Public Comment Period on GNR Proposal

On 2 October 2006, ICANN posted for public information a proposal submitted through the Registry...

IDN Laboratory Testing Progress

ICANN continues to make progress toward laboratory testing for strings corresponding to...

Spamhaus Litigation Update - Court Declines to Issue Order Against ICANN or Tucows

On 19 October 2006, United States District Court Judge Charles P. Kocoras, presiding over the ...

ICANN Seeks Community Input on the Development of Transparency and Accountability Management Operating Principles

As part of the Joint Project Agreement between the U.S. Department of Commerce and ICANN, the...

ICANN Allocates IPv6 Address Blocks to the Five Regional Internet Registries

On Tuesday October 3, ICANN through its Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) allocated...

ICANN Board Receives Responses to Request for Information by Registry Operators of .BIZ, .INFO and .ORG and Proposed Registry Operator of .ASIA

The ICANN Board has agreed to consider the responses to its inquiry relating to the four pending...

Review and Recommendations for Internationalized Domain Names (IDNs)

ICANN welcomes the recently announced Request for Comments (RFC4690) from the Internet...

Spamhaus Litigation Update

9 October 2006 — ICANN has been advised that a Proposed Order referencing ICANN has been...

ICANN Announces New Staff Appointments

ICANN is pleased to announce the following new staff appointment joining the Global...

Contractual Compliance Update

ICANN's Compliance Program (http://icann.org/compliance) has been published to explain ICANN's...

ICANN Establishes Internationalized Domain Names (IDN) News Feed

ICANN has added to its website an RSS news feed to provide the community with information on...

Outreach Event for the Baltic Region and Eastern Europe, October 4, 2006

The Baltic Region and Eastern Europe International Seminar, "The Internet and the Post-WSIS...

ICANN Accepts Meeting Proposals from Portugal and Puerto Rico

ICANN has announced today that it has accepted proposals for the first two rounds of ICANN...

New Agreement Means Greater Independence in Managing the Internet's System of Unique Identifiers

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) today signed a new agreement...

ICANN Formalizes Relationship with ccTLD Manager for Nicaragua

ICANN has announced today that it has signed an accountability framework with the country code...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."