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Announcements

ICANN Posts Adopted FY21-25 Operating and Financial Plan and FY21 Budget

LOS ANGELES – 08 May 2020 – Today, the Internet Corporation of Assigned Names and Numbers...

Proposal for Malayalam Script Root Zone‬ Label Generation Rules – Second Public Comment Proceeding

Open Date: 7 May 2020 Close Date: 17 June 2020
Originating Organization: Global Domains...

Register to Join: Special Meeting of the ICANN Board and FY20 Board Operational Priorities Webinar

LOS ANGELES – 6 May 2020 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is...

ccNSO PDP3: Initial Proposals for Process to Retire ccTLDs

Open Date: 5 May 2020 Close Date: 10 July 2020
Originating Organization: ccNSO
...

Webinar Invitation: PTI FY21-FY24 Strategic Plan

LOS ANGELES – 30 April 2020 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Request for Proposal for Root Zone Update Process Study

LOS ANGELES – 28 April 2020 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Proposed FY21-25 Operating and Financial Plan and Proposed for Board Adoption FY21 Operating Plan and Budget Published

LOS ANGELES – 27 April 2020 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

NextGen@ICANN Application Round for ICANN69 Is Now Open

LOS ANGELES – 27 April 2020 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

ICANN Systems Controls Validated by Annual IANA Functions Audit

LOS ANGELES – 22 April 2020 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

ICANN Announces Webinar to Discuss the Revised Proposed FY21-25 Operating & Financial Plan and FY21 Operating Plan & Budget

LOS ANGELES – 20 APRIL 2020 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Draft PTI FY21-24 Strategic Plan

Open Date: 20 April 2020 Close Date: 1 June 2020
Originating Organization: IANA
...

Successful Candidates Announced for ICANN68 Fellowship

LOS ANGELES – 17 April 2020 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Public Interest Registry Change of Control Request Update

LOS ANGELES – 16 April 2020 – On 14 November 2019, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names...

ICANN Africa Regional Plan for Fiscal Years 2021-2025

Open Date: 15 April 2020 Close Date: 27 May 2020
Originating Organization: Global...

ICANN68 to be Held as Remote Public Meeting

LOS ANGELES – 9 April 2020 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Call for Expressions of Interest: Standing Panel for ICANN’s Independent Review Process

LOS ANGELES – 31 March 2020 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

ICANN Publishes Staff Report On ICANN’s FY21–25 Operating and Financial Plan and Draft FY21 Operating Plan and Budget Public Comment Proceeding

LOS ANGELES – 31 March 2020 – On 27 March, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and...

IANA Naming Function Review Team Completes Rules of Engagement, Scope of Work, and Work Plan

LOS ANGELES – 31 March 2020 – Today, the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) Naming...

Guidelines for Developing Reference Label Generation Rules (LGRs) for the Second Level Version 2

Open Date: 30 March 2020 Close Date: 12 May 2020
Originating Organization: Global Domains...

Invitation to Join Strategic Outlook Trends Identification Session

LOS ANGELES – 23 March 2020 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

ICANN's GDD Industry Summit and DNS Symposium Cancelled

LOS ANGELES – 18 March 2020 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Phase 1 Initial Report of the Review of All Rights Protection Mechanisms in All gTLDs Policy Development Process

Open Date: 18 March 2020 Close Date: 27 April 2020
Originating Organization: Generic Names...

ICANN67 GAC Communiqué Now Available

LOS ANGELES – 16 MARCH 2020 – Today, the Governmental Advisory Committee (GAC) of the Internet...

ICANN Community Excellence Award: Nomination Closes 27 March 2020

LOS ANGELES – 16 March 2020 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."