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Announcements

Steps to Improve Whois Data Accuracy

Marina del Rey, California USA (3 September 2002)– ICANN today announced additional steps to...

Third Update on .org Reassignment Process

This is an update on the status of the evaluation of the eleven applications ICANN received from...

Preliminary Report to ICANN Board: ISOC to Run .org?

Marina del Rey, California USA (19 August 2002) Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned...

Advisory: Documents Provided to Karl Auerbach

Marina del Rey, California, USA (4 August 2002) -- The litigation between ICANN and one of its...

Second Update on .org Reassignment Process

This is an update on the status of the evaluation of the eleven applications ICANN received from...

Call for Proposals to Host 2003 ICANN Meetings

ICANN is actively soliciting proposals from organizations seeking to host the three ICANN...

Advisory: Court Ruling in Auerbach v. ICANN Lawsuit

Marina del Rey, California, USA (29 July 2002) -- At a hearing today, Los Angeles Superior Court...

ICANN-Accredited Registrars Formally Approve ICANN Registrar Fees for 2002-2003

Twenty-eight accredited registrars, responsible for over 75% of registrar fees, have expressly...

Update on .org Reassignment Process

As previously reported, ICANN received eleven applications from entities seeking to become the...

Advisory Concerning Changed Visa Requirements in Romania | (Applies to Attendees from Countries Without Romanian Embassies/Consulates)

ICANN has been informed by the Bucharest local host that the process in place to have visas...

Revised Schedule for Bucharest Meetings

The schedule for the Public Forum to be held during the 24-28 June 2002 ICANN meetings in...

Registrar Advisory Concerning Registration Transfers Within the Auto-Renew Grace Period

The purpose of this advisory is to assist ICANN-accredited registrars in understanding the...

Lynn to Retire in 2003; McLaughlin to Go Half-Time

Marina del Rey, California USA (27 May 2002) ICANN President and CEO Stuart Lynn has announced...

Registrar Advisory Concerning Whois Data Accuracy

The purpose of this advisory is to assist ICANN-accredited registrars in understanding their...

ICANN Signs .pro Registry Agreement | The first secure Internet domain exclusively for professionals

Marina del Rey, California USA (8 May 2002) The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and...

Dates of Shanghai Meeting Changed to 27-31 October 2002

There has been a change of dates for the ICANN meeting to be held in Shanghai this October. The...

At-Large List Names Sought; ALSC Forum Operation Extended

ICANN would like to thank everyone for the useful dialogue concerning the ALSC forum. While the...

ICANN Board Accepts Contributions to Facilitate At-Large Organizing Efforts

On April 22, 2002, ICANN's Board approved a resolution via teleconference authorizing the...

Schedule and Fee for .org Request for Proposals

Marina del Rey, California, USA (22 April 2002) – At its meeting today, the ICANN Board...

ICANN Answers Auerbach's Allegations

As previously reported, ICANN Director Karl Auerbach has sued ICANN in state court in Los...

ICANN Announces Membership of Security Committee

At its November 2001 meeting, the ICANN Board directed the ICANN President to appoint a...

Statement Concerning Draft RIR-ICANN Agreement

For quite some time, the managements of ICANN and the Regional Internet Registries (APNIC, ARIN,...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."